Ch3shire - 3 months ago 31

C++ Question

I have a case where apparently no operator== is defined for external class and I need to use a find() function. I know I could do this step by step, but I wonder - is there a way to define custom == operator for this find function, similar how we define Hash function for unordered_set? The case:

`#include <vector>`

#include <algorithm>

#include <MathGeoLib/Math/float3.h>

bool operator==(const math::float3 &lhs, const math::float3 &rhs){

return lhs.x == rhs.x;

}

int main(){

std::vector<math::float3> V;

...

std::find(V.begin(),V.end(),math::float3(0,0,0));

}

returns

`binary '==': no operator found which takes a left-hand operand of type math::float3' (or there is no acceptable conversion)`

Sometimes I would like to find not exact same vector, but vector close enough - here I would just override

`operator==`

Answer

You can use `std::find_if`

, here is an example where `value_type`

is `double`

.
The function `cmp`

compares for exact equality, and `cmp_epsilon`

compares for equality within some epsilon.

```
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>
#include <vector>
bool cmp(double a, double b)
{
return a == b;
}
bool cmp_epsilon(double e, double a, double b)
{
return a + e >= b and a - e <= b;
}
using namespace std::placeholders;
int main() {
std::vector<double> A = {3./2, 2, 1};
auto i1 = std::find_if(A.begin(),A.end(),std::bind(cmp, 61./40., _1));
std::cout << std::distance(A.begin(), i1) << std::endl;
auto i2 = std::find_if(A.begin(),A.end(),std::bind(cmp_epsilon, 0.1, 61./40., _1));
std::cout << std::distance(A.begin(), i2) << std::endl;
}
```