taupe117 - 3 years ago 198

R Question

When entering this in the R console:

`1 + 2`

we get, as an answer:

`[1] 3`

Does the leading

`[1]`

More generally, are these objects a vector, a list, a single-row matrix or a single-column matrix?

- (i.e.
`1 + 2`

, i.e. just a number)`3`

`c(1,-2,3,14)`

`A = matrix(c(1,-2,3,14),2,2)`

: this is the first line of the matrix. Is it a (1, 2) single-row matrix or just a vector or a list?`A[1,]`

- : this is the second column of the matrix. Is it a (2, 1) single-column matrix or just a vector or a list?
`A[,2]`

I've already read the documentation a few times, but I was wondering if there exists a rule of thumb to remember this?

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Answer Source

Basically, for checking the data types in R, you can use several functions contained in the `base`

package.

Now, focusing on your explicit questions:

```
> is.vector(1 + 2)
[1] TRUE
> is.atomic(1 + 2)
[1] TRUE
> length(1 + 2)
[1] 1
```

Consequently, the result is stored in a vector of length 1.

```
> is.vector(c(1,-2,3,14))
[1] TRUE
> is.atomic(c(1,-2,3,14))
[1] TRUE
```

As `c(...)`

initializes a vector object, obviously the data type is a vector.

```
> is.matrix(A)
[1] TRUE
> is.vector(A)
[1] FALSE
> is.atomic(A)
[1] TRUE
> is.vector(A[1, ])
[1] TRUE
> is.atomic(A[1, ])
[1] TRUE
> is.matrix(A[1, ])
[1] FALSE
> is.vector(A[, 2])
[1] TRUE
> is.atomic(A[, 2])
[1] TRUE
> is.matrix(A[, 2])
[1] FALSE
```

And finally, subsetting a matrix row-wise or column-wise returns also a vector and not a matrix.

~~For checking for a scalar, please refer to this question.~~

Edit:

As mentioned by @Rich Scriven, there are two types of vectors in R: **atomic** and **generic** vectors. Indeed, the function `is.vector(x)`

used in above examples returns `TRUE`

for lists as well. Besides that, `is.atomic(x)`

checks for **atomic** vectors which contain data of one primitive data type (logical, integer, real, complex, character, or raw) only. Additionally, I have added the respective `is.atomic(x)`

function calls in above examples as well.

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