coldbrew coldbrew - 3 months ago 66
C++ Question

how do I declare constexpr extern

is it possible to declare a variable extern constexpr and define it in another file?

I tried it but the compiler gives error: declaration of constexpr variable 'i' is not a definition

in .h

extern constexpr int i;


in .cpp

constexpr int i = 10;

Answer

no you can't do it, here's what the standard says (section 7.1.5):

1 The constexpr specifier shall be applied only to the definition of a variable or variable template, the declaration of a function or function template, or the declaration of a static data member of a literal type (3.9). If any declaration of a function, function template, or variable template has a constexpr specifier, then all its declarations shall contain the constexpr specifier. [Note: An explicit specialization can differ from the template declaration with respect to the constexpr specifier. Function parameters cannot be declared constexpr. — end note ]

some examples given by the standard:

  constexpr void square(int &x);  // OK: declaration
  constexpr int bufsz = 1024;  // OK: definition
  constexpr struct pixel {  // error: pixel is a type
    int x;
    int y;
    constexpr pixel(int);  // OK: declaration
  };

  extern constexpr int memsz; // error: not a definition
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