callum callum - 2 months ago 10
HTML Question

Fastest method to escape HTML tags as HTML entities?

I'm writing a Chrome extension that involves doing a lot of the following job: sanitizing strings that might contain HTML tags, by converting

, respectively.

(In other words, the same as PHP's
htmlspecialchars(str, ENT_NOQUOTES)
– I don't think there's any real need to convert double-quote characters.)

This is the fastest function I have found so far:

function safe_tags(str) {
return str.replace(/&/g,'&amp;').replace(/</g,'&lt;').replace(/>/g,'&gt;') ;

But there's still a big lag when I have to run a few thousand strings through it in one go.

Can anyone improve on this? It's mostly for strings between 10 and 150 characters, if that makes a difference.

(One idea I had was not to bother encoding the greater-than sign – would there be any real danger with that?)


You could try passing a callback function to perform the replacement:

var tagsToReplace = {
    '&': '&amp;',
    '<': '&lt;',
    '>': '&gt;'

function replaceTag(tag) {
    return tagsToReplace[tag] || tag;

function safe_tags_replace(str) {
    return str.replace(/[&<>]/g, replaceTag);

Here is a performance test: to compare with calling the replace function repeatedly, and using the DOM method proposed by Dmitrij.

Your way seems to be faster...

Why do you need it, though?