AndreaNobili AndreaNobili - 1 month ago 11
MySQL Question

Why I obtain this error when I try to create this funcion (that use point data type) on a MariaDB database?

I am not so into database and I have the following doubt implementing this tutorial: https://mariadb.org/jquery-and-gis-distance-in-mariadb/

So basically my doubt is relate to this SQL statment that create a function to calculate the distance between two point on a MariaDB database:

CREATE FUNCTION earth_circle_distance(point1 point, point2 point) RETURNS double
DETERMINISTIC
begin
declare lon1, lon2 double;
declare lat1, lat2 double;
declare td double;
declare d_lat double;
declare d_lon double;
declare a, c, R double;

set lon1 = X(GeomFromText(AsText(point1)));
set lon2 = X(GeomFromText(AsText(point2)));
set lat1 = Y(GeomFromText(AsText(point1)));
set lat2 = Y(GeomFromText(AsText(point2)));

set d_lat = radians(lat2 - lat1);
set d_lon = radians(lon2 - lon1);

set lat1 = radians(lat1);
set lat2 = radians(lat2);

set R = 6372.8; -- in kilometers

set a = sin(d_lat / 2.0) * sin(d_lat / 2.0) + sin(d_lon / 2.0) * sin(d_lon / 2.0) * cos(lat1) * cos(lat2);
set c = 2 * asin(sqrt(a));

return R * c;
end


My problem is that performing the previous statment I obtain the following error message:

Error
----------------------------------------------------
Static analysis:

2 errors were found during analysis.
1. Unrecognized data type. (near "point" at position 45)
2. Unrecognized data type. (near "point" at position 59)

SQL query:

CREATE FUNCTION earth_circle_distance(point1 point, point2 point) RETURNS double DETERMINISTIC begin declare lon1, lon2 double

MySQL said:

#1064 - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MariaDB server version for the right syntax to use near '' at line 4


PhpMyAdmin sign with 2 red marker the point data type on the first line of the previous statment:

CREATE FUNCTION earth_circle_distance(point1 point, point2 point) RETURNS double


but I don't think that it could be the real problem (I think that maybe is something that PhpMyAdmin don't know) because it mark red also this cration query:

CREATE TABLE gis_point (g POINT);


but it works fine, give me no error and correctly create the table.

So, whta is wrong? Could depend by PhpMyAdmin or what am I missing?
Where this function should be stored?

Answer

Change the delimiter. Otherwise the function definition ends at the first ; which would make it incomplete.

delimiter ||
CREATE FUNCTION earth_circle_distance(point1 point, point2 point) RETURNS double
    DETERMINISTIC
begin
  declare lon1, lon2 double;
  declare lat1, lat2 double;
  declare td double;
  declare d_lat double;
  declare d_lon double;
  declare a, c, R double;

  set lon1 = X(GeomFromText(AsText(point1)));
  set lon2 = X(GeomFromText(AsText(point2)));
  set lat1 = Y(GeomFromText(AsText(point1)));
  set lat2 = Y(GeomFromText(AsText(point2)));

  set d_lat = radians(lat2 - lat1);
  set d_lon = radians(lon2 - lon1);

  set lat1 = radians(lat1);
  set lat2 = radians(lat2);

  set R = 6372.8; -- in kilometers

  set a = sin(d_lat / 2.0) * sin(d_lat / 2.0) + sin(d_lon / 2.0) * sin(d_lon / 2.0) * cos(lat1) * cos(lat2);
  set c = 2 * asin(sqrt(a));

  return R * c;
end
||

delimiter ;