xiaohan2012 xiaohan2012 - 2 months ago 24
Python Question

Implementaion HMAC-SHA1 in python

I am trying to use the OAuth of a website, which requires the signature method to be 'HMAC-SHA1' only.

I am wondering how to implement this in Python?

Answer

Pseudocodish:

def sign_request():
    from hashlib import sha1
    import hmac

    # key = CONSUMER_SECRET& #If you dont have a token yet
    key = "CONSUMER_SECRET&TOKEN_SECRET" 


    # The Base String as specified here: 
    raw = "BASE_STRING" # as specified by oauth

    hashed = hmac.new(key, raw, sha1)

    # The signature
    return hashed.digest().encode("base64").rstrip('\n')

Signature errors usually reside in the base-string, make sure you understand this (as stated by the OAuth1.0 spec here: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-hammer-oauth-10#section-3.4.1).

The following inputs are used to generate the Signature Base String:

  1. HTTP Method (for example GET)
  2. Path (for example http://photos.example.net/photos)
  3. Parameters, alphabetically, such as (line breaks for readability):

    file=vacation.jpg
    &oauth_consumer_key=dpf43f3p2l4k3l03
    &oauth_nonce=kllo9940pd9333jh
    &oauth_signature_method=HMAC-SHA1
    &oauth_timestamp=1191242096
    &oauth_token=nnch734d00sl2jdk
    &oauth_version=1.0
    &size=original
    

Concatenate and URL encode each part and it ends up as:

GET&http%3A%2F%2Fphotos.example.net%2Fphotos&file%3Dvacation.jpg%26 oauth_consumer_key%3Ddpf43f3p2l4k3l03%26oauth_nonce%3Dkllo9940pd9333jh%26 oauth_signature_method%3DHMAC-SHA1%26oauth_timestamp%3D1191242096%26 oauth_token%3Dnnch734d00sl2jdk%26oauth_version%3D1.0%26size%3Doriginal

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