Gene R Gene R - 27 days ago 5
MySQL Question

make an ID in a mysql table auto_increment (after the fact)

I acquired a database from another developer. He didn't use auto_incrementers on any tables. They all have primary key ID's, but he did all the incrementing manually, in code.

Can I turn those into Auto_incrementers now?




Wow, very nice, thanks a ton. It worked without a hitch on one of my tables. But a second table, i'm getting this error...Error on rename of '.\DBNAME#sql-6c8_62259c' to '.\DBNAME\dealer_master_events'

Answer

For example, here's a table that has a primary key but is not AUTO_INCREMENT:

mysql> CREATE TABLE foo (
  id INT NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
);
mysql> INSERT INTO foo VALUES (1), (2), (5);

You can MODIFY the column to redefine it with the AUTO_INCREMENT option:

mysql> ALTER TABLE foo MODIFY COLUMN id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT;

Verify this has taken effect:

mysql> SHOW CREATE TABLE foo;

Outputs:

CREATE TABLE foo (
  `id` INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=6 DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1

Note that you have modified the column definition in place, without requiring creating a second column and dropping the original column. The PRIMARY KEY constraint is unaffected, and you don't need to mention in in the ALTER TABLE statement.

Next you can test that an insert generates a new value:

mysql> INSERT INTO foo () VALUES (); -- yes this is legal syntax
mysql> SELECT * FROM foo;

Outputs:

+----+
| id |
+----+
|  1 | 
|  2 | 
|  5 | 
|  6 | 
+----+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

I tested this on MySQL 5.0.51 on Mac OS X.

I also tested with ENGINE=InnoDB and a dependent table. Modifying the id column definition does not interrupt referential integrity.


To respond to the error 150 you mentioned in your comment, it's probably a conflict with the foreign key constraints. My apologies, after I tested it I thought it would work. Here are a couple of links that may help to diagnose the problem: