Mario Mario - 1 month ago 5
Java Question

Serialize java object with GSON

I would like to serialize this object to JSON String

public class Person {
public String id;
public String name;
public Person parent;
}


and obtain a result like this:

{id: 1, name: "Joe", parent: 2}


I tried to use

Person p = new Person(1, "Joe", new Person(2, "Mike"));
Gson gson = new GsonBuilder()
.registerTypeAdapter(Persona.class, new PersonSerializer()).create();
String str = gson.toJson(p);


but instead of that, I got:

"1"


PersonSerializer:

public class PersonSerializer implements JsonSerializer<Person> {
public JsonElement serialize(Person src, Type typeOfSrc, ...) {
return new JsonPrimitive(src.id);
}
}


Please any suggestion is welcome

Thanks,
Mario

Answer

In order to get the result you desire, you need to write the serializer like this:

public static class PersonSerializer implements JsonSerializer<Person> {
    public JsonElement serialize(final Person person, final Type type, final JsonSerializationContext context) {
        JsonObject result = new JsonObject();
        result.add("id", new JsonPrimitive(person.getId()));
        result.add("name", new JsonPrimitive(person.getName()));
        Person parent = person.getParent();
        if (parent != null) {
            result.add("parent", new JsonPrimitive(parent.getId()));
        }
        return result;
    }
}

The result for

    Person p = new Person(1, "Joe", new Person(2, "Mike"));
    com.google.gson.Gson gson = new GsonBuilder().registerTypeAdapter(Person.class, new PersonSerializer())
            .create();
    System.out.println(gson.toJson(p));

will be

{"id":1,"name":"Joe","parent":2}

Complete code:

import java.lang.reflect.Type;

import com.google.gson.GsonBuilder;
import com.google.gson.JsonElement;
import com.google.gson.JsonObject;
import com.google.gson.JsonPrimitive;
import com.google.gson.JsonSerializationContext;
import com.google.gson.JsonSerializer;

public class GsonSimpleTest {

    public static class Person {
        public int id;
        public String name;
        public Person parent;

        public Person(final int id, final String name) {
            super();
            this.id = id;
            this.name = name;
        }

        public Person(final int id, final String name, final Person parent) {
            super();
            this.id = id;
            this.name = name;
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        public int getId() {
            return id;
        }

        public void setId(final int id) {
            this.id = id;
        }

        public String getName() {
            return name;
        }

        public void setName(final String name) {
            this.name = name;
        }

        public Person getParent() {
            return parent;
        }

        public void setParent(final Person parent) {
            this.parent = parent;
        }

    }

    public static class PersonSerializer implements JsonSerializer<Person> {
        public JsonElement serialize(final Person person, final Type type, final JsonSerializationContext context) {
            JsonObject result = new JsonObject();
            result.add("id", new JsonPrimitive(person.getId()));
            result.add("name", new JsonPrimitive(person.getName()));
            Person parent = person.getParent();
            if (parent != null) {
                result.add("parent", new JsonPrimitive(parent.getId()));
            }
            return result;
        }
    }

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        Person p = new Person(1, "Joe", new Person(2, "Mike"));
        com.google.gson.Gson gson = new GsonBuilder().registerTypeAdapter(Person.class, new PersonSerializer())
                .create();
        System.out.println(gson.toJson(p));
    }

}
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