anfy2002us anfy2002us - 12 days ago 5
Ajax Question

Show loading progress when making JSF Ajax request

How can I show some loading message when making request using

<f:ajax>
?

Answer

If you're not already using a 3rd party component library which could already have a ready-made component for that, such as PrimeFaces with <p:ajaxStatus>, then you can use the JSF-provided JavaScript jsf.ajax.addOnEvent() function (and eventually also jsf.ajax.addOnError()) to hook a function on ajax events.

Here's a basic kickoff example:

<script>
    jsf.ajax.addOnEvent(function(data) {
        var ajaxstatus = data.status; // Can be "begin", "complete" and "success"
        var ajaxloader = document.getElementById("ajaxloader");

        switch (ajaxstatus) {
            case "begin": // This is called right before ajax request is been sent.
                ajaxloader.style.display = 'block';
                break;

            case "complete": // This is called right after ajax response is received.
                ajaxloader.style.display = 'none';
                break;

            case "success": // This is called when ajax response is successfully processed.
                // NOOP.
                break;
        }
    });
</script>

<img id="ajaxloader" src="ajaxloader.gif" style="display: none;" />

See also chapter 13.3.5.2 of the JSF 2.0 specification:

13.3.5.2 Monitoring Events For All Ajax Requests

The JavaScript API provides the jsf.ajax.addOnEvent function that can be used to register a JavaScript function that will be notified when any Ajax request/response event occurs. Refer to Section 14.4 “Registering Callback Functions” for more details. The jsf.ajax.addOnEvent function accepts a JavaScript function argument that will be notified when events occur during any Ajax request/response event cycle. The implementation must ensure the JavaScript function that is registered must be called in accordance with the events outlined in Section TABLE 14-3 “Events”.

You can grab some cool ajax loader gifs for free from http://www.ajaxload.info, by the way.