Alan Alan - 1 month ago 5
R Question

`plot.density` extends "xlim" beyond the range of my data. Why and how to fix it?

Using the code below, I am trying to get density plot for different distributions.

dens <- apply(df[,c(7,9,12,14,16,18)], 2, density)

plot(NA, xlim=range(sapply(dens, "[", "x")), ylim=range(sapply(dens, "[", "y")))
mapply(lines, dens, col=1:length(dens))

legend("topright", legend=names(dens), fill=1:length(dens),bty = "n",lwd=1, cex=0.7)

The maximum upper limit for all variables is 5. But I got lines exceeded the 5. What do I need to change in my code to fix the plot?
enter image description here


By default, density will extend the range so that the density curve approaches 0 at the extreme. Do you want to restrict the curve to the range of you data? If so, you need use from and to arguments inside density().

x_range <- range(df[,c(7,9,12,14,16,18)])
dens <- apply(df[,c(7,9,12,14,16,18)], 2, density, from = x_range[1], to = x_range[2])

Perhaps it is better to provide a reproducible example.

set.seed(0); X <- matrix(rnorm(300), 100, 3)

## range of your data
x_range <- range(X)
# [1] -2.904899  2.658658

## default handling of `density`
dens <- apply(X, 2, density)
range(sapply(dens, "[[", "x"))
# [1] -3.922346  3.696451

enter image description here

## customized `from` and `to`
dens <- apply(X, 2, density, from = x_range[1], to = x_range[2])
range(sapply(dens, "[[", "x"))
# [1] -2.904899  2.658658

enter image description here