rolandjitsu rolandjitsu - 4 months ago 30
Javascript Question

Get time difference between two dates in seconds

I'm trying to get a difference between two dates in seconds. The logic would be like this :

  • set an initial date which would be now;

  • set a final date which would be the initial date plus some amount of seconds in future ( let's say 15 for instance )

  • get the difference between those two ( the amount of seconds )

The reason why I'm doing it it with dates it's because the final date / time depends on some other variables and it's never the same ( it depends on how fast a user does something ) and I also store the initial date for other things.

I've been trying something like this :

var _initial = new Date(),
_initial = _initial.setDate(_initial.getDate()),
_final = new Date(_initial);
_final = _final.setDate(_final.getDate() + 15 / 1000 * 60);

var dif = Math.round((_final - _initial) / (1000 * 60));

The thing is that I never get the right difference. I tried dividing by
24 * 60
which would leave me with the seconds, but I never get it right. So what is it wrong with my logic ? I might be making some stupid mistake as it's quite late, but it bothers me that I cannot get it to work :)


The Code

var startDate = new Date();
// Do your operations
var endDate   = new Date();
var seconds = (endDate.getTime() - startDate.getTime()) / 1000;

Or even simpler (endDate - startDate) / 1000 as pointed out in the comments unless you're using typescript.

The explanation

You need to call the getTime() method for the Date objects, and then simply subtract them and divide by 1000 (since it's originally in milliseconds). As an extra, when you're calling the getDate() method, you're in fact getting the day of the month as an integer between 1 and 31 (not zero based) as opposed to the epoch time you'd get from calling the getTime() method, representing the number of milliseconds since January 1st 1970, 00:00

Useful docs for this answer: