Olga Olga - 11 days ago 5
MySQL Question

"Can't connect to local MySQL server" in docker-compose

I have Laravel application with MySQL and I'm trying to run it in Docker using docker-compose. But when app trying to connect DB, it throws:


PDOException in Connector.php line 55: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' (2)


My docker-compose.yml:

load_balancer:
image: tutum/haproxy
links:
- web
ports:
- "80:80"

cache:
image: redis

db:
image: mysql
environment:
MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: Q1w2e3r4t5
MYSQL_DATABASE: regappbase

web:
image: andrewmclagan/nginx-hhvm
links:
- db
- cache
volumes:
- ./:/var/www
environment:
- APP_ENV=local
- DB_DATABASE=regappbase
- DB_PASSWORD=Q1w2e3r4t5
- VIRTUAL_HOST=laravel.local


My .env:

APP_ENV=production
APP_DEBUG=true
APP_KEY=SomeRandomString
APP_URL=http://laravel.local

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=localhost
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=regappbase
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=Q1w2e3r4t5

CACHE_DRIVER=file
SESSION_DRIVER=file
QUEUE_DRIVER=sync

REDIS_HOST=laravel.local
REDIS_PASSWORD=null
REDIS_PORT=6379

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=mailtrap.io
MAIL_PORT=2525

Answer

Mysql connections to "localhost" by default attempt to connect over a socket present on the local machine. Your DB_HOST should be the linked container name, "db".

From the MYSQL docs:

On Unix, MySQL programs treat the host name localhost specially, in a way that is likely different from what you expect compared to other network-based programs. For connections to localhost, MySQL programs attempt to connect to the local server by using a Unix socket file. This occurs even if a --port or -P option is given to specify a port number. To ensure that the client makes a TCP/IP connection to the local server, use --host or -h to specify a host name value of 127.0.0.1, or the IP address or name of the local server. You can also specify the connection protocol explicitly, even for localhost, by using the --protocol=TCP option. For example: