renchan renchan - 22 days ago 14
Javascript Question

Simulate drag and drop of file to upload in Protractor

I want to test file upload, by dragging file to the drop zone in the page, however I can't find a way to simulate file dragging from the desktop folder.
The only way I managed to found is the following one -

desktop.browser.actions().dragAndDrop(elem,target).mouseUp().perform();(Protractor)


However as far as I can understand, it drags only css element.

Answer

This is a working example to simulate a file drop from the desktop to a drop area:

const dropFile = require("./drop-file.js");
const EC = protractor.ExpectedConditions;

browser.ignoreSynchronization = true;

describe('Upload tests', function() {

  it('should drop a file to a drop area', function() {

    browser.get('http://html5demos.com/file-api');

    // drop an image file on the drop area
    dropFile($("#holder"), "./image.png");

    // wait for the droped image to be displayed in the drop area
    browser.wait(EC.presenceOf($("#holder[style*='data:image']")));
  });

});

The content of drop-file.js :

var fs = require('fs');
var path = require('path');

var JS_BIND_INPUT = function (target) {
  var input = document.createElement('input');
  input.type = 'file';
  input.style.display = 'none';
  input.addEventListener('change', function () {
    target.scrollIntoView(true);

    var rect = target.getBoundingClientRect(),
      x = rect.left + (rect.width >> 1),
      y = rect.top + (rect.height >> 1),
      data = { files: input.files };

    ['dragenter','dragover','drop'].forEach(function (name) {
      var event = document.createEvent('MouseEvent');
      event.initMouseEvent(name, !0, !0, window, 0, 0, 0, x, y, !1, !1, !1, !1, 0, null);
      event.dataTransfer = data;
      target.dispatchEvent(event);
    });

    document.body.removeChild(input);
  }, false);

  document.body.appendChild(input);
  return input;
};


/**
 * Support function to drop a file to a drop area.
 *
 * @view
 * <div id="drop-area"></div>
 *
 * @example
 * dropFile($("#drop-area"), "./image.png");
 *
 * @param {ElementFinder} drop area
 * @param {string} file path
 */
module.exports = function (dropArea, filePath) {
  // get the full path
  filePath = path.resolve(filePath);

   // assert the file is present
  fs.accessSync(filePath, fs.F_OK);

  // resolve the drop area
  return dropArea.getWebElement().then(function (element) {

    // bind a new input to the drop area
    browser.executeScript(JS_BIND_INPUT, element).then(function (input) {

      // upload the file to the new input
      input.sendKeys(filePath);

    });
  });
};