Amitābha Amitābha - 9 days ago 5
Java Question

debug jdk source can't watch variable what it is

I'm debugging the JDK source like:

public static int codePointAt(CharSequence seq, int index) {
char c1 = seq.charAt(index++);
if (isHighSurrogate(c1)) {
if (index < seq.length()) {
char c2 = seq.charAt(index);
if (isLowSurrogate(c2)) {
return toCodePoint(c1, c2);
}
}
}
return c1;
}


and I want to see
c1
variable before I step into
if (isHighSurrogate(c1))
.
However, when I debug watch
c1
variable
it display :

enter image description here

I really have tried added rt.jar source, and it really can step into breakpoint of JDK source, like:
enter image description here

but why
c1
variable can't display?

Answer

Generally speaking, to be able to watch the variables while stepping through JDK source code, you need the class files to be compiled with debug information i.e. compile using javac -g.

So your best bet is to either find an already compiled version with debug information (I couldn't find anything for JDK 7) or you can try compiling the source for yourself.

According to this post (please note that I haven't tried it) you don't need to compile all sources, only the ones you need. Putting your newly compiled classes in the $jdk/jre/lib/ext/endorsed directory, the new classes would be used instead the ones in the original rt.jar.

I believe that should get you started.

Update: Actually I have just tried this process and it is not hard at all. Tested on Windows, JDK 1.7.0_11. All the commands are invoked from command line:

  1. Create your working folder. I chose d:\ root folder
  2. Inside your working folder create the source folder i.e. jdk7_src and output folder jdk_debug
  3. From your JDK_HOME folder get the src.zip file and unzip it inside jdk7_src
  4. Select what you will compile and delete the rest. For all of them you might need additional steps. I have chosen the folders:
    • java
    • javax
    • org
  5. From your JDK_HOME\jre\lib get the file rt.jar and put in the work folder (this is only for convenience to not specify too large file names in the command line).
  6. Execute the command: dir /B /S /X jdk7_src\*.java > filelist.txt to create a file named filelist.txt with the list of all java files that will be compiled. This will be given as input to javac
  7. Execute javac using the command:
    javac -J-Xms16m -J-Xmx1024m -sourcepath d:\jdk7_src -cp d:\rt.jar -d d:\jdk_debug -g @filelist.txt >> log.txt 2>&1 This will compile all the files in the jdk_debug folder and will generate a log.txt file in your working folder. Check the log contents. You should get a bunch of warnings but no error.
  8. Go inside the jdk_debug folder and run the command: jar cf0 rt_debug.jar *. This will generate your new runtime library with degug information.
  9. Copy that new jar to the folder JDK_HOME\jre\lib\endorsed. If the endorsed folder does not exist, create it.

Debug your program in Eclipse. Note how the variables are named normally (no more arg0, arg1 etc). Happy debugging :)

JDK debug