fish2000 fish2000 - 1 year ago 95
C Question

Risks and rewards of using /dev/autofs_nowait on OS X

Throughout the CoreFoundation framework source, POSIX filesystem API calls (e.g.

, et al…) are wrapped in an idiom wherein a descriptor on
is acquired – with
open(…, 0)
– before the POSIX calls are made; afterwards the descriptor is
’d before the scope exits.

  • What is the benefit of doing this? What are the risks?

  • Does acquiring the
    descriptor have any affect on, or is it effected by, flags to any thusly-wrapped
    calls (like e.g.

  • /dev
    on my machine, running OS X 10.10.5 has other “autofs” entries:

    dev directory listing

    … none of which have
    pages available. If these file-like devices might offer benefits in this vein I would be interested to hear about their use as well, as it may pertain.

Addendum: I could not find much on this subject; a Google Plus post from 2011 claims that:

[t]his file is a special device that's monitored by the autofs
filesystem implementation in the kernel. When opened, the autofs
filesystem will not block that process on any I/O operations on an
autofs file system.

I am not quite sure what that means (they were specifically talking about how
works, FWIW) but I was curious about this myself, so I wrote a quick context-manager-y RAII struct to try it out – untargeted profiling shows tests with POSIX calls completing faster but within general hashmarks; I’ll investigate this tactic with a finer-toothed comb after I get more background on how it all works.

Answer Source

These devices allowed the implementor(s) to avoid to define a new syscall or ioctl for the functionality, and maybe it was implemented that way because it was simpler, requires updating less code, and does not change the VFS API, which may have been the concerns at the time.

When you open /dev/autofs_nowait and traverse a path, you trigger auto-mounts, but don't wait for them to finish (otherwise your process blocks until the filesystem is mounted or after the operation times out), so you may receive a ENOENT when opening a file even if everything goes fine.

OTOH, /dev/autofs_notrigger makes the process not even trigger the auto-mounting.

That is all those devices do. The thing is that, in Darwin's implementation, open may block when traversing the filesystem even with O_NONBLOCK or O_NDELAY.

You can follow the flow from the vfs, from the open operation of a vnode:

Down that path there's no handling of the (non)blocking behavior.

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