Tony the Pony Tony the Pony - 5 months ago 18
HTML Question

Programmatically selecting partial text in an input field

How can I programmatically select a specific range of text in an HTML

input
field? (I don't want to select the entire field, just a subset)

Also, how can I determine the currently selected range in a field?

Answer

Here's how to select a portion of a text box (range select) and get the selected text:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title> Test </title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<script type="text/javascript">
  window.onload = function() {
    var message = document.getElementById('message');
    // Select a portion of text
    createSelection(message, 0, 5);
    // get the selected portion of text
    var selectedText = message.value.substring(message.selectionStart, message.selectionEnd);
    alert(selectedText);
  };

  function createSelection(field, start, end) {
    if( field.createTextRange ) {
      var selRange = field.createTextRange();
      selRange.collapse(true);
      selRange.moveStart('character', start);
      selRange.moveEnd('character', end);
      selRange.select();
      field.focus();
    } else if( field.setSelectionRange ) {
      field.focus();
      field.setSelectionRange(start, end);
    } else if( typeof field.selectionStart != 'undefined' ) {
      field.selectionStart = start;
      field.selectionEnd = end;
      field.focus();
    }
  }
</script>
</head>
<body>
<input type="text" name="message" id="message" value="Hello World" />
</body>
</html>

Demo

Comments