Miranda Miranda - 2 months ago 9x
reST (reStructuredText) Question

Unauthorized error when using OpenStack API, can't get authentication token from keystone

I want to use the RESTful API, e.g.


But can not get the authentication token.

I tried the following command to get it (I don't have admin access):

curl -d '{"auth":{"passwordCredentials":{"username": "miranda.zhang", "password": "mypass"}}}' -H "Content-type: application/json" https://keystone.rc.nectar.org.au:5000/v2.0/tokens

But still get

{"error": {"message": "The request you have made requires authentication.", "code": 401, "title": "Unauthorized"}}

I've also had a look at the python-keystoneclient
I tried to install it

python setup.py install

But it returns error

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "setup.py", line 18, in <module>
import setuptools
ImportError: No module named setuptools

Here is the openrc.sh file generated by my cloud provider, which does not seem to help.


# With the addition of Keystone, to use an openstack cloud you should
# authenticate against keystone, which returns a **Token** and **Service
# Catalog**. The catalog contains the endpoint for all services the
# user/tenant has access to - including nova, glance, keystone, swift.
# *NOTE*: Using the 2.0 *auth api* does not mean that compute api is 2.0. We
# will use the 1.1 *compute api*
export OS_AUTH_URL=https://keystone.rc.nectar.org.au:5000/v2.0/

# With the addition of Keystone we have standardized on the term **tenant**
# as the entity that owns the resources.
export OS_TENANT_ID=1f283209946f428998e8d3930bb038d1
export OS_TENANT_NAME="pt-1114"

# In addition to the owning entity (tenant), openstack stores the entity
# performing the action as the **user**.
export OS_USERNAME="miranda.zhang"

# With Keystone you pass the keystone password.
echo "Please enter your OpenStack Password: "


  1. http://docs.openstack.org/developer/keystone/api_curl_examples.html

  2. http://api.openstack.org/api-ref-identity.html#identity

  3. http://docs.openstack.org/api/openstack-identity-service/2.0/content/POST_authenticate_v2.0_tokens_.html

I tried Barak's suggestion to include tenant name, but still get the following:

HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized
Vary: X-Auth-Token
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 114
Date: Sun, 29 Dec 2013 08:54:28 GMT

{"error": {"message": "The request you have made requires authentication.", "code": 401, "title": "Unauthorized"}}

I have installed the keystone client with Barak's help:

sudo apt-get install python-setuptools
sudo easy_install pip
sudo pip install python-keystoneclient

But using it like this:

keystone --os-tenant-name pt-1114 --os-username USERNAME --os-password PASSWORD --os-auth-url https://keystone.rc.nectar.org.au:5000/v2.0/tokens -os-identity-api-version 2.0 --debug token-get

I got this error, while
is clearly a valid option.

usage: keystone [--version] [--timeout <seconds>]
[--os-username <auth-user-name>]
[--os-password <auth-password>]
[--os-tenant-name <auth-tenant-name>]
[--os-tenant-id <tenant-id>] [--os-auth-url <auth-url>]
[--os-region-name <region-name>]
[--os-identity-api-version <identity-api-version>]
[--os-token <service-token>]
[--os-endpoint <service-endpoint>]
[--os-cacert <ca-certificate>] [--insecure]
[--os-cert <certificate>] [--os-key <key>] [--os-cache]
[--force-new-token] [--stale-duration <seconds>]
<subcommand> ...
keystone: error: argument <subcommand>: invalid choice: '2.0' (choose from 'catalog', 'ec2-credentials-create', 'ec2-credentials-delete', 'ec2-credentials-get', 'ec2-credentials-list', 'endpoint-create', 'endpoint-delete', 'endpoint-get', 'endpoint-list', 'password-update', 'role-create', 'role-delete', 'role-get', 'role-list', 'service-create', 'service-delete', 'service-get', 'service-list', 'tenant-create', 'tenant-delete', 'tenant-get', 'tenant-list', 'tenant-update', 'token-get', 'user-create', 'user-delete', 'user-get', 'user-list', 'user-password-update', 'user-role-add', 'user-role-list', 'user-role-remove', 'user-update', 'discover', 'bootstrap', 'bash-completion', 'help', 'bash_completion')

I just realized that my existing password for login the web portal won't work as

To access the Nectar Cloud using the OpenStack API you will need to
generate a password. By doing so any existing password will be
forgotten. To generate a new password click "Reset Password" button.

Problem solved.


You are missing the tenant name in the json block. Here is a working curl request:

curl -i '' -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -H "Accept: application/json" -H "User-Agent: python-novaclient" -d '{"auth": {"tenantName": "TENANT", "passwordCredentials": {"username": "USERNAME", "password": "PASSWORD"}}}'

I suggest you install the keystone client using pip:

sudo apt-get install pip
sudo pip install python-keystoneclient

Then run any keystone command with the '--debug' option to see the actual json.