mariosangiorgio mariosangiorgio - 1 month ago 14
Android Question

Android studio: why are minSdkVersion and targetSdkVersion specified both in AndroidManifest.xml and build.gradle?

I just discovered something weird about Android studio: it has some configuration options in the

build.gradle
file that override what is specified in the
AndroidManifest.xml
file.

For instance, I had the following lines in
build.gradle
:

android {
compileSdkVersion 18
buildToolsVersion "18.1.1"

defaultConfig {
minSdkVersion 10
targetSdkVersion 10
}
...
}


which was overriding the corresponding tag in
AndroidManifest.xml
:

<uses-sdk
android:minSdkVersion="8"
android:targetSdkVersion="8"/>


I don't really like to have the same settings spread in two different files, so I am wondering if I can safely remove it either from
build.gradle
or
AndroidManifest.xml
and where it makes more sense to keep it.

Answer

Gradle overrides the manifest values, and I prefer to update the build.gradle file rather than the manifest. Probably this is the right way using Gradle. Gradle supports product flavours which can be controlled via an IDE and those product flavors can change many things in our Manifest like package name, version code, version name, target SDK and many other. Then by one click in Android Studio you can change many properties and generate another apk.

You can leave the manifest as it is and do all configuration in build.gradle. You can safely remove

<uses-sdk></uses-sdk>

from manifest as well as version codes.

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