sirab333 sirab333 - 1 month ago 11
Swift Question

Swift: how to find out if letter is Alphanumeric or Digit

I want to count the number of letters, digits and special characters in the following string:

let phrase = "The final score was 32-31!"


I tried:

for tempChar in phrase {
if (tempChar >= "a" && tempChar <= "z") {
letterCounter++
}
// etc.


but I'm getting errors. I tried all sorts of other variations on this - still getting error - such as:

could not find an overload for '<=' that accepts the supplied arguments


Any clues?

Answer

A possible Swift solution:

var letterCounter = 0
var digitCount = 0
let phrase = "The final score was 32-31!"
for tempChar in phrase.unicodeScalars {
    if tempChar.isAlpha() {
        letterCounter++
    } else if tempChar.isDigit() {
        digitCount++
    }
}

Update: The above solution works only with characters in the ASCII character set, i.e. it does not recognize Ä, é or ø as letters. The following alternative solution uses NSCharacterSet from the Foundation framework, which can test characters based on their Unicode character classes:

let letters = NSCharacterSet.letterCharacterSet()
let digits = NSCharacterSet.decimalDigitCharacterSet()

var letterCount = 0
var digitCount = 0

for uni in phrase.unicodeScalars {
    if letters.longCharacterIsMember(uni.value) {
        letterCount++
    } else if digits.longCharacterIsMember(uni.value) {
        digitCount++
    }
}

Update 2: As of Xcode 6 beta 4, the first solution does not work anymore, because the isAlpha() and related (ASCII-only) methods have been removed from Swift. The second solution still works.


Update for Swift 3:

let letters = CharacterSet.letters
let digits = CharacterSet.decimalDigits

var letterCount = 0
var digitCount = 0

for uni in phrase.unicodeScalars {
    if letters.contains(uni) {
        letterCount += 1
    } else if digits.contains(uni) {
        digitCount += 1
    }
}