Abraham Abraham - 2 months ago 23
C++ Question

Compilation Error: "‘function’ in namespace ‘std’ does not name a template type"

I'm trying to sniff my network traffic using libtins library. So I downloaded the tar.gz library and I finished all the library compilation steps mentioned in the manual one by one successfully.

Now, I'm trying to compile my first sample program:

1 #include <iostream>
2 #include <tins/tins.h>
3
4 using namespace Tins;
5
6 bool callback(const PDU &pdu) {
7 const IP &ip = pdu.rfind_pdu<IP>(); // Find the IP layer
8 const TCP &tcp = pdu.rfind_pdu<TCP>(); // Find the TCP layer
9 std::cout << ip.src_addr() << ':' << tcp.sport() << " -> "
10 << ip.dst_addr() << ':' << tcp.dport() << std::endl;
11 return true;
12 }
13
14 int main() {
15 Sniffer("eth0").sniff_loop(callback);
16 }


When I want to compile it, I face the following errors:

me@me-MS-7693:~/Desktop/Workspace/cpp_libtins$ g++ main.cpp -ltins
In file included from /usr/local/include/tins/tins.h:60:0,
from main.cpp:2:
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:297:18: error: ‘function’ in namespace ‘std’ does not name a template type
typedef std::function<void(const std::string&,
^
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:308:18: error: ‘function’ in namespace ‘std’ does not name a template type
typedef std::function<void(const std::string&,
^
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:401:44: error: ‘handshake_captured_callback_type’ does not name a type
void handshake_captured_callback(const handshake_captured_callback_type& callback);
^
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:412:34: error: ‘ap_found_callback_type’ does not name a type
void ap_found_callback(const ap_found_callback_type& callback);
^
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:445:9: error: ‘handshake_captured_callback_type’ does not name a type
handshake_captured_callback_type handshake_captured_callback_;
^
/usr/local/include/tins/crypto.h:446:9: error: ‘ap_found_callback_type’ does not name a type
ap_found_callback_type ap_found_callback_;
^
me@me-MS-7693:~/Desktop/Workspace/cpp_libtins$


What is wrong?




My compiler version:

me@me-MS-7693:~/Desktop/Workspace/cpp_libtins$ g++ --version
g++ (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.2) 5.4.0 20160609
Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

me@me-MS-7693:~/Desktop/Workspace/cpp_libtins$

Answer

Since your GCC is older than 6.0, you need to pass the -std=c++11 switch, otherwise it is in C++03 mode. C++03 did not have std::function.