Handling integer overflow is a common task, but what's the best way to handle it in C#? Is there some syntactic sugar to make it simpler than with other languages? Or is this really the best way?
int x = foo();
int test = x * common;
if(test / common != x)
I haven't needed to use this often, but you can use the checked keyword:
int x = foo(); int test = checked(x * common);
Will result in a runtime exception if overflows. From MSDN:
In a checked context, if an expression produces a value that is outside the range of the destination type, the result depends on whether the expression is constant or non-constant. Constant expressions cause compile time errors, while non-constant expressions are evaluated at run time and raise exceptions.
I should also point out that there is another C# keyword,
unchecked, which of course does the opposite of
checked and ignores overflows. You might wonder when you'd ever use
unchecked since it appears to be the default behavior. Well, there is a C# compiler option that defines how expressions outside of
unchecked are handled: /checked. You can set it under the advanced build settings of your project.
If you have a lot of expressions that need to be checked, the simplest thing to do would actually be to set the
/checked build option. Then any expression that overflows, unless wrapped in
unchecked, would result in a runtime exception.