Magmatic Magmatic - 1 year ago 68
jQuery Question

A CORS POST request works from plain javascript, but why not with jQuery?

I'm trying to make a Cross Origin post request, and I got it working in plain Javascript like this:

var request = new XMLHttpRequest();
var params = "action=something";'POST', url, true);
request.onreadystatechange = function() {if (request.readyState==4) alert("It worked!");};
request.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
request.setRequestHeader("Content-length", params.length);
request.setRequestHeader("Connection", "close");

But I would like to use jQuery, but I can't get it to work. This is what I'm trying:

$.ajax(url, {
success:function(data, textStatus, jqXHR) {alert("success");},
error: function(jqXHR, textStatus, errorThrown) {alert("failure");}

This results in Failure. If anyone knows why jQuery doesn't work, please let us all know. Thanks.

(I'm using jQuery 1.5.1, and Firefox 4.0, and my server is responding with a proper Access-Control-Allow-Origin header)

Answer Source

UPDATE: As TimK pointed out, this isn't needed with jquery 1.5.2 any more. But if you want to add custom headers or allow the use of credentials (username, password, or cookies, etc), read on.

I think I found the answer! (4 hours and a lot of cursing later)

//This does not work!!
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: *

You need to manually specify all the headers you will accept (at least that was the case for me in FF 4.0 & Chrome 10.0.648.204).

jQuery's $.ajax method sends the "x-requested-with" header for all cross domain requests (i think its only cross domain).

So the missing header needed to respond to the OPTIONS request is:

//no longer needed as of jquery 1.5.2
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: x-requested-with

If you are passing any non "simple" headers, you will need to include them in your list (i send one more):

//only need part of this for my custom header
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: x-requested-with, x-requested-by

So to put it all together, here is my PHP:

// * wont work in FF w/ Allow-Credentials
//if you dont need Allow-Credentials, * seems to work
//if you need cookies or login etc
header('Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true');
if ($this->getRequestMethod() == 'OPTIONS')
  header('Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, OPTIONS');
  header('Access-Control-Max-Age: 604800');
  //if you need special headers
  header('Access-Control-Allow-Headers: x-requested-with');
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