Mehran Mehran - 2 months ago 24
Java Question

measuring text bounds in Swing Graphics2d

I am measuring text bounds in Swing graphics using this method
but it doesn't cover entire text.
it works bad specially in measuring height...
it gets better when I input English texts but I should use Persian fonts.

texts and bounds image

private Rectangle getStringBounds(Graphics2D g2, String str,
float x, float y)
FontRenderContext frc = g2.getFontRenderContext();
GlyphVector gv = g2.getFont().createGlyphVector(frc, str);
return gv.getPixelBounds(null, x, y);

this is how I draw texts and bounds:

g.drawString(text, x-textBounds.width/2, y+textBounds.height/2);
g.drawRect(x-textBounds.width/2, y-textBounds.height/2, textBounds.width, textBounds.height);


Here are two ways to get the complete font. I just grabbed some random persian text off of the internet because OP couldn't be bothered to paste a small example.

public class BoxInFont {
    String text = "سادگی، قابلیت تبدیل";
    int ox = 50;
    int oy = 50;
    void buildGui(){
        JFrame frame = new JFrame("Boxed In Fonts");

        JPanel panel = new JPanel(){
            protected void paintComponent(Graphics g){
                Graphics2D g2d = (Graphics2D)g;
                g.drawString(text, ox, oy);
                Font f = g.getFont();
                Rectangle2D charBounds = f.getStringBounds(text, g2d.getFontRenderContext());
                GlyphVector gv = f.layoutGlyphVector(g2d.getFontRenderContext(), text.toCharArray(), 0, text.length(), GlyphVector.FLAG_MASK);
                Rectangle2D bounds = gv.getVisualBounds();
                g2d.translate(ox, oy);
                //g2d.drawRect((int)bounds.getX() + ox, (int)bounds.getY() + oy, (int)bounds.getWidth(), (int)bounds.getHeight());
                System.out.println("vis: " + bounds);
                System.out.println("char: "  + charBounds);
        frame.setSize(400, 400);

    public static void main(String[] args){

        EventQueue.invokeLater(()->new BoxInFont().buildGui());


Both boxes that are drawn completely encapsulate the text. I think visual bounds is a tighter fit.

The problem with what OP is doing, they are ignoring x and y values of the rectangle returned. They are only using the width and height. If you look at the output of this program, you can see that the x and y are not 0.

vis: java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D$Float[x=-0.2056962,y=-9.814648,w=96.76176,h=13.558318] char: java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D$Float[x=0.0,y=-12.568359,w=97.0,h=15.310547]