Boyen Boyen - 1 month ago 6
Java Question

adding content to existing xml with jdom

package xml.dierenshop.flaming.v1;

import org.jdom2.Document;
import org.jdom2.Element;
import org.jdom2.output.XMLOutputter;
import org.jdom2.output.Format;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;

public class Writer {

public void Writer(String categorie, String code, String naamartikel, String beschrijvingartikel, double prijz, String imgurl, String imgurl2, String imgurl3, String imgurl4, String imgurl5) {
String prijs = String.valueOf(prijz);
Document document = new Document();
Element root = new Element("productlist");
String naamelement = "naam";
String categorieelement = "category";
String descriptionelement = "description";
Element child = new Element("product");
child.addContent(new Element(categorieelement).setText(categorie));
child.addContent(new Element("code").setText(code));
child.addContent(new Element(naamelement).setText(naamartikel));
child.addContent(new Element(descriptionelement).setText(beschrijvingartikel));
child.addContent(new Element("price").setText(prijs));
child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(imgurl));
child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(imgurl2));
child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(imgurl3));
child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(imgurl4));
child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(imgurl5));
root.addContent(child);
document.setContent(root);
try {
FileWriter writer = new FileWriter("products.xml");
XMLOutputter outputter = new XMLOutputter();
outputter.setFormat(Format.getPrettyFormat());
outputter.output(document, writer);
outputter.output(document, System.out);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}


}

This is my class for writing an xml file with variables from my main class.
The output here would be :

http://pastebin.com/nFtiv2b8
Now I have a problem, next time I run this java application I want it to add a new product but keep the old one.
However everytime I try this, it replaces the old data with the new data, can you help me ?

Kind regards,
Boyen.

A4L A4L
Answer

Basically, you need to load an existing xml file and make a Document of it by parsing it and getting the root element from it. If the file does not exist then create a new document and a new root element. After that you can go on with the code you have shown.

Create a class Product to hold product data. Passing product data each as argument to a method is a no-go.

Product class (for simplicity all fields are public, this not a good practice, you should make them at least protected and for each a getter and a setter method)

public class Product {
    public String categorie;
    public String code;
    public String naamartikel;
    public String beschrijvingartikel;
    public double prijz;
    public String imgurl;
    public String imgurl2;
    public String imgurl3; 
    public String imgurl4;
    public String imgurl5;
}

Writer method

public static void Writer(Product product) throws JDOMException, IOException {

    Document document = null;
    Element root = null;

    File xmlFile = new File("products.xml");
    if(xmlFile.exists()) {
        // try to load document from xml file if it exist
        // create a file input stream
        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(xmlFile);
        // create a sax builder to parse the document
        SAXBuilder sb = new SAXBuilder();
        // parse the xml content provided by the file input stream and create a Document object
        document = sb.build(fis);
        // get the root element of the document
        root = document.getRootElement();
        fis.close();
    } else {
        // if it does not exist create a new document and new root
        document = new Document();
        root = new Element("productlist");
    }


    String prijs = String.valueOf(product.prijz);
    String naamelement = "naam";
    String categorieelement = "category";
    String descriptionelement = "description";
    Element child = new Element("product");
    child.addContent(new Element(categorieelement).setText(product.categorie));
    child.addContent(new Element("code").setText(product.code));
    child.addContent(new Element(naamelement).setText(product.naamartikel));
    child.addContent(new Element(descriptionelement).setText(product.beschrijvingartikel));
    child.addContent(new Element("price").setText(prijs));
    child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(product.imgurl));
    child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(product.imgurl2));
    child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(product.imgurl3));
    child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(product.imgurl4));
    child.addContent(new Element("image").setText(product.imgurl5));
    root.addContent(child);
    document.setContent(root);
    try {
        FileWriter writer = new FileWriter("products.xml");
        XMLOutputter outputter = new XMLOutputter();
        outputter.setFormat(Format.getPrettyFormat());
        outputter.output(document, writer);
        outputter.output(document, System.out);
        writer.close(); // close writer
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

and finally a little test

public static void main(String[] args) throws JDOMException, IOException {
    Product product = null;

    product = new Product();
    product.categorie = "cat1";
    product.code = "code1";
    product.naamartikel = "naam1";
    product.beschrijvingartikel = "beschrijving1";
    product.prijz = 100d;
    product.imgurl = "http://localhost/img1.png";
    product.imgurl2 = "http://localhost/img2.png";
    product.imgurl3 = "http://localhost/img3.png";
    product.imgurl4 = "http://localhost/img5.png";
    product.imgurl5 = "http://localhost/img5.png";
    Writer(product);

    product = new Product();
    product.categorie = "cat2";
    product.code = "code2";
    product.naamartikel = "naam2";
    product.beschrijvingartikel = "beschrijving2";
    product.prijz = 200d;
    product.imgurl = "http://localhost/img21.png";
    product.imgurl2 = "http://localhost/img22.png";
    product.imgurl3 = "http://localhost/img23.png";
    product.imgurl4 = "http://localhost/img25.png";
    product.imgurl5 = "http://localhost/img25.png";
    Writer(product);

    product = new Product();
    product.categorie = "cat3";
    product.code = "code3";
    product.naamartikel = "naam3";
    product.beschrijvingartikel = "beschrijving3";
    product.prijz = 300d;
    product.imgurl = "http://localhost/img31.png";
    product.imgurl2 = "http://localhost/img32.png";
    product.imgurl3 = "http://localhost/img33.png";
    product.imgurl4 = "http://localhost/img35.png";
    product.imgurl5 = "http://localhost/img35.png";
    Writer(product);
}

Also, file name products.xml should not be hard coded in java file; instead pass it as an argument when you run the program.