Bin_Z Bin_Z - 1 month ago 9
Java Question

How to declare a constant in Java

We always write:

public static final int A = 0;


Question:

1) Is
static final
the only way to declare a constant in a class?

2) If I write
public final int A = 0;
instead, is
A
still a constant or just an instance field?

3) What is an instance variable? What's the difference between an instance variable and an instance field?

Answer
  1. You can use an enum type in Java 5 and onwards for the purpose you have described. It is type safe.
  2. A is an instance variable. (If it has the static modifier, then it becomes a static variable.) Constants just means the value doesn't change.
  3. Instance variables are data members belonging to the object and not the class. Instance variable = Instance field.

If you are talking about the difference between instance variable and class variable, instance variable exist per object created. While class variable has only one copy per class loader regardless of the number of objects created.

Java 5 and up enum type

public enum Color{
 RED("Red"), GREEN("Green");

 private Color(String color){
    this.color = color;
  }

  private String color;

  public String getColor(){
    return this.color;
  }

  public String toString(){
    return this.color;
  }
}

If you wish to change the value of the enum you have created, provide a mutator method.

public enum Color{
 RED("Red"), GREEN("Green");

 private Color(String color){
    this.color = color;
  }

  private String color;

  public String getColor(){
    return this.color;
  }

  public void setColor(String color){
    this.color = color;
  }

  public String toString(){
    return this.color;
  }
}

Example of accessing:

public static void main(String args[]){
  System.out.println(Color.RED.getColor());

  // or

  System.out.println(Color.GREEN);
}
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