I am looking for an easy way to get the SID for the current Windows user account. I know I can do it through WMI, but I don't want to go that route.
Apologies to everybody that answered in C# for not specifying it's C++. :-)
In Win32, call GetTokenInformation, passing a token handle and the
TokenUser constant. It will fill in a TOKEN_USER structure for you. One of the elements in there is the user's SID. It's a BLOB (binary), but you can turn it into a string by using ConvertSidToStringSid.
If you prefer ATL, it has the CAccessToken class, which has all sorts of interesting things in it.
.NET has the Thread.CurrentPrinciple property, which returns an IPrincipal reference. You can get the SID:
IPrincipal principal = Thread.CurrentPrincipal; WindowsIdentity identity = principal.Identity as WindowsIdentity; if (identity != null) Console.WriteLine(identity.User);
Also in .NET, you can use WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent(), which returns the current user ID:
WindowsIdentity identity = WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent(); if (identity != null) Console.WriteLine(identity.User);