Calvarium Calvarium - 3 months ago 9
HTML Question

Making <a> active in menu when over div-element

I'm trying to make my links active when I'm over the elements that the scrolls to. I've tried every single line of code I've found for two days. But nothing is working. I'm using cferdinandi's

smoothscroll
script.

<div data-scroll-header id="menu">
<div id="menu-content">
<a data-scroll href="#weare">Company</a>
<a data-scroll href="#product">Product</a>
<a data-scroll href="#technical">Technical specifications</a>
<a data-scroll href="#footer">Get in touch</a>
</div>
</div>


With this "smooth-scroll" script.

<script>
smoothScroll.init({
updateURL: true,
});
</script>


UPDATE (The CSS):

#menu {
background-color:white;
position:fixed;
top:0;
left:0;
height:90px;
width:100%;
z-index:99999;
transition: top 0.2s ease-in-out;
}

#menu {
will-change: transform;
transition: transform 200ms linear;
}

.headroom--pinned {
transform: translateY(0%);
}

.headroom--unpinned {
transform: translateY(-100%);
}

.active {
font-family:"Aero Bold", sans-serif;
}

#menu-logo {
max-height:26px;
display:block;
margin:auto;
position:absolute;
top:20px;
left:0;
right:0;
pointer-events: none;
}

#menu-content {
position:absolute;
width:75%;
height:12px;
line-height:12px;
bottom:0;
left:12.5%;
right:12.5%;
margin-bottom:20px;
text-align:center;
}

#menu-content a {
padding:0 10px 0 10px;
font-weight:thin;
color:#03372B;
color:#666666;
text-decoration:none;
font-size:12px;
font-family:"Aero Book", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
}

#menu-content a:hover {
color:#03372B;
transition:0.3s;
}


UPDATE It's working, but it's not working :O:

Before click

After click, .active is there but not being applied

UPDATE (what fixed it):

#menu-content {
position:absolute;
width:75%;
height:12px;
line-height:12px;
bottom:0;
left:12.5%;
right:12.5%;
margin-bottom:20px;
text-align:center;
}

.nav {
padding:0 10px 0 10px;
color:#666666;
text-decoration:none;
font-size:12px;
font-family:"Aero Book", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
}

.active {
text-decoration:none;
font-family: "Aero Bold", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
}

Answer

Give the links a class of "nav" and add a callback

Here is the actual code:

window.onload=function() {
  smoothScroll.init({
    updateURL: true,
    callback: function(anchor, toggle) {
      console.log(anchor);
      var link=document.querySelector("a[href='"+anchor+"']");
      var links = document.querySelectorAll("#menu-content .nav");
      for (var i = 0; i < links.length; i++) {
        links[i].classList.toggle('active', 0);
      }
      link.classList.toggle("active", toggle);
    }
  });
}

Example (had to copy in the smoothscroll code)

(function (root, factory) {
	if ( typeof define === 'function' && define.amd ) {
		define([], factory(root));
	} else if ( typeof exports === 'object' ) {
		module.exports = factory(root);
	} else {
		root.smoothScroll = factory(root);
	}
})(typeof global !== 'undefined' ? global : this.window || this.global, function (root) {

	'use strict';

	//
	// Variables
	//

	var smoothScroll = {}; // Object for public APIs
	var supports = 'querySelector' in document && 'addEventListener' in root; // Feature test
	var settings, eventTimeout, fixedHeader, headerHeight, animationInterval;

	// Default settings
	var defaults = {
		selector: '[data-scroll]',
		selectorHeader: '[data-scroll-header]',
		speed: 500,
		easing: 'easeInOutCubic',
		offset: 0,
		updateURL: true,
		callback: function () {}
	};


	//
	// Methods
	//

	/**
	 * Merge two or more objects. Returns a new object.
	 * @private
	 * @param {Boolean}  deep     If true, do a deep (or recursive) merge [optional]
	 * @param {Object}   objects  The objects to merge together
	 * @returns {Object}          Merged values of defaults and options
	 */
	var extend = function () {

		// Variables
		var extended = {};
		var deep = false;
		var i = 0;
		var length = arguments.length;

		// Check if a deep merge
		if ( Object.prototype.toString.call( arguments[0] ) === '[object Boolean]' ) {
			deep = arguments[0];
			i++;
		}

		// Merge the object into the extended object
		var merge = function (obj) {
			for ( var prop in obj ) {
				if ( Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call( obj, prop ) ) {
					// If deep merge and property is an object, merge properties
					if ( deep && Object.prototype.toString.call(obj[prop]) === '[object Object]' ) {
						extended[prop] = extend( true, extended[prop], obj[prop] );
					} else {
						extended[prop] = obj[prop];
					}
				}
			}
		};

		// Loop through each object and conduct a merge
		for ( ; i < length; i++ ) {
			var obj = arguments[i];
			merge(obj);
		}

		return extended;

	};

	/**
	 * Get the height of an element.
	 * @private
	 * @param  {Node} elem The element to get the height of
	 * @return {Number}    The element's height in pixels
	 */
	var getHeight = function ( elem ) {
		return Math.max( elem.scrollHeight, elem.offsetHeight, elem.clientHeight );
	};

	/**
	 * Get the closest matching element up the DOM tree.
	 * @private
	 * @param  {Element} elem     Starting element
	 * @param  {String}  selector Selector to match against (class, ID, data attribute, or tag)
	 * @return {Boolean|Element}  Returns null if not match found
	 */
	var getClosest = function ( elem, selector ) {

		// Variables
		var firstChar = selector.charAt(0);
		var supports = 'classList' in document.documentElement;
		var attribute, value;

		// If selector is a data attribute, split attribute from value
		if ( firstChar === '[' ) {
			selector = selector.substr(1, selector.length - 2);
			attribute = selector.split( '=' );

			if ( attribute.length > 1 ) {
				value = true;
				attribute[1] = attribute[1].replace( /"/g, '' ).replace( /'/g, '' );
			}
		}

		// Get closest match
		for ( ; elem && elem !== document && elem.nodeType === 1; elem = elem.parentNode ) {

			// If selector is a class
			if ( firstChar === '.' ) {
				if ( supports ) {
					if ( elem.classList.contains( selector.substr(1) ) ) {
						return elem;
					}
				} else {
					if ( new RegExp('(^|\\s)' + selector.substr(1) + '(\\s|$)').test( elem.className ) ) {
						return elem;
					}
				}
			}

			// If selector is an ID
			if ( firstChar === '#' ) {
				if ( elem.id === selector.substr(1) ) {
					return elem;
				}
			}

			// If selector is a data attribute
			if ( firstChar === '[' ) {
				if ( elem.hasAttribute( attribute[0] ) ) {
					if ( value ) {
						if ( elem.getAttribute( attribute[0] ) === attribute[1] ) {
							return elem;
						}
					} else {
						return elem;
					}
				}
			}

			// If selector is a tag
			if ( elem.tagName.toLowerCase() === selector ) {
				return elem;
			}

		}

		return null;

	};

	/**
	 * Escape special characters for use with querySelector
	 * @public
	 * @param {String} id The anchor ID to escape
	 * @author Mathias Bynens
	 * @link https://github.com/mathiasbynens/CSS.escape
	 */
	smoothScroll.escapeCharacters = function ( id ) {

		// Remove leading hash
		if ( id.charAt(0) === '#' ) {
			id = id.substr(1);
		}

		var string = String(id);
		var length = string.length;
		var index = -1;
		var codeUnit;
		var result = '';
		var firstCodeUnit = string.charCodeAt(0);
		while (++index < length) {
			codeUnit = string.charCodeAt(index);
			// Note: there’s no need to special-case astral symbols, surrogate
			// pairs, or lone surrogates.

			// If the character is NULL (U+0000), then throw an
			// `InvalidCharacterError` exception and terminate these steps.
			if (codeUnit === 0x0000) {
				throw new InvalidCharacterError(
					'Invalid character: the input contains U+0000.'
				);
			}

			if (
				// If the character is in the range [\1-\1F] (U+0001 to U+001F) or is
				// U+007F, […]
				(codeUnit >= 0x0001 && codeUnit <= 0x001F) || codeUnit == 0x007F ||
				// If the character is the first character and is in the range [0-9]
				// (U+0030 to U+0039), […]
				(index === 0 && codeUnit >= 0x0030 && codeUnit <= 0x0039) ||
				// If the character is the second character and is in the range [0-9]
				// (U+0030 to U+0039) and the first character is a `-` (U+002D), […]
				(
					index === 1 &&
					codeUnit >= 0x0030 && codeUnit <= 0x0039 &&
					firstCodeUnit === 0x002D
				)
			) {
				// http://dev.w3.org/csswg/cssom/#escape-a-character-as-code-point
				result += '\\' + codeUnit.toString(16) + ' ';
				continue;
			}

			// If the character is not handled by one of the above rules and is
			// greater than or equal to U+0080, is `-` (U+002D) or `_` (U+005F), or
			// is in one of the ranges [0-9] (U+0030 to U+0039), [A-Z] (U+0041 to
			// U+005A), or [a-z] (U+0061 to U+007A), […]
			if (
				codeUnit >= 0x0080 ||
				codeUnit === 0x002D ||
				codeUnit === 0x005F ||
				codeUnit >= 0x0030 && codeUnit <= 0x0039 ||
				codeUnit >= 0x0041 && codeUnit <= 0x005A ||
				codeUnit >= 0x0061 && codeUnit <= 0x007A
			) {
				// the character itself
				result += string.charAt(index);
				continue;
			}

			// Otherwise, the escaped character.
			// http://dev.w3.org/csswg/cssom/#escape-a-character
			result += '\\' + string.charAt(index);

		}

		return '#' + result;

	};

	/**
	 * Calculate the easing pattern
	 * @private
	 * @link https://gist.github.com/gre/1650294
	 * @param {String} type Easing pattern
	 * @param {Number} time Time animation should take to complete
	 * @returns {Number}
	 */
	var easingPattern = function ( type, time ) {
		var pattern;
		if ( type === 'easeInQuad' ) pattern = time * time; // accelerating from zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeOutQuad' ) pattern = time * (2 - time); // decelerating to zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeInOutQuad' ) pattern = time < 0.5 ? 2 * time * time : -1 + (4 - 2 * time) * time; // acceleration until halfway, then deceleration
		if ( type === 'easeInCubic' ) pattern = time * time * time; // accelerating from zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeOutCubic' ) pattern = (--time) * time * time + 1; // decelerating to zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeInOutCubic' ) pattern = time < 0.5 ? 4 * time * time * time : (time - 1) * (2 * time - 2) * (2 * time - 2) + 1; // acceleration until halfway, then deceleration
		if ( type === 'easeInQuart' ) pattern = time * time * time * time; // accelerating from zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeOutQuart' ) pattern = 1 - (--time) * time * time * time; // decelerating to zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeInOutQuart' ) pattern = time < 0.5 ? 8 * time * time * time * time : 1 - 8 * (--time) * time * time * time; // acceleration until halfway, then deceleration
		if ( type === 'easeInQuint' ) pattern = time * time * time * time * time; // accelerating from zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeOutQuint' ) pattern = 1 + (--time) * time * time * time * time; // decelerating to zero velocity
		if ( type === 'easeInOutQuint' ) pattern = time < 0.5 ? 16 * time * time * time * time * time : 1 + 16 * (--time) * time * time * time * time; // acceleration until halfway, then deceleration
		return pattern || time; // no easing, no acceleration
	};

	/**
	 * Calculate how far to scroll
	 * @private
	 * @param {Element} anchor The anchor element to scroll to
	 * @param {Number} headerHeight Height of a fixed header, if any
	 * @param {Number} offset Number of pixels by which to offset scroll
	 * @returns {Number}
	 */
	var getEndLocation = function ( anchor, headerHeight, offset ) {
		var location = 0;
		if (anchor.offsetParent) {
			do {
				location += anchor.offsetTop;
				anchor = anchor.offsetParent;
			} while (anchor);
		}
		location = Math.max(location - headerHeight - offset, 0);
		return Math.min(location, getDocumentHeight() - getViewportHeight());
	};

	/**
	 * Determine the viewport's height
	 * @private
	 * @returns {Number}
	 */
	var getViewportHeight = function() {
        	return Math.max(document.documentElement.clientHeight, window.innerHeight || 0);
    	};

	/**
	 * Determine the document's height
	 * @private
	 * @returns {Number}
	 */
	var getDocumentHeight = function () {
		return Math.max(
			root.document.body.scrollHeight, root.document.documentElement.scrollHeight,
			root.document.body.offsetHeight, root.document.documentElement.offsetHeight,
			root.document.body.clientHeight, root.document.documentElement.clientHeight
		);
	};

	/**
	 * Convert data-options attribute into an object of key/value pairs
	 * @private
	 * @param {String} options Link-specific options as a data attribute string
	 * @returns {Object}
	 */
	var getDataOptions = function ( options ) {
		return !options || !(typeof JSON === 'object' && typeof JSON.parse === 'function') ? {} : JSON.parse( options );
	};

	/**
	 * Update the URL
	 * @private
	 * @param {Element} anchor The element to scroll to
	 * @param {Boolean} url Whether or not to update the URL history
	 */
	var updateUrl = function ( anchor, url ) {
		if ( root.history.pushState && (url || url === 'true') && root.location.protocol !== 'file:' ) {
			root.history.pushState( null, null, [root.location.protocol, '//', root.location.host, root.location.pathname, root.location.search, anchor].join('') );
		}
	};

	var getHeaderHeight = function ( header ) {
		return header === null ? 0 : ( getHeight( header ) + header.offsetTop );
	};

	/**
	 * Start/stop the scrolling animation
	 * @public
	 * @param {Element} anchor The element to scroll to
	 * @param {Element} toggle The element that toggled the scroll event
	 * @param {Object} options
	 */
	smoothScroll.animateScroll = function ( anchor, toggle, options ) {

		// Options and overrides
		var overrides = getDataOptions( toggle ? toggle.getAttribute('data-options') : null );
		var animateSettings = extend( settings || defaults, options || {}, overrides ); // Merge user options with defaults

		// Selectors and variables
		var isNum = Object.prototype.toString.call( anchor ) === '[object Number]' ? true : false;
		var hash = smoothScroll.escapeCharacters( anchor );
		var anchorElem = isNum ? null : ( hash === '#' ? root.document.documentElement : root.document.querySelector( hash ) );
		if ( !isNum && !anchorElem ) return;
		var startLocation = root.pageYOffset; // Current location on the page
		if ( !fixedHeader ) { fixedHeader = root.document.querySelector( animateSettings.selectorHeader ); }  // Get the fixed header if not already set
		if ( !headerHeight ) { headerHeight = getHeaderHeight( fixedHeader ); } // Get the height of a fixed header if one exists and not already set
		var endLocation = isNum ? anchor : getEndLocation( anchorElem, headerHeight, parseInt(animateSettings.offset, 10) ); // Location to scroll to
		var distance = endLocation - startLocation; // distance to travel
		var documentHeight = getDocumentHeight();
		var timeLapsed = 0;
		var percentage, position;

		// Update URL
		if ( !isNum ) {
			updateUrl( anchor, animateSettings.updateURL );
		}

		/**
		 * Stop the scroll animation when it reaches its target (or the bottom/top of page)
		 * @private
		 * @param {Number} position Current position on the page
		 * @param {Number} endLocation Scroll to location
		 * @param {Number} animationInterval How much to scroll on this loop
		 */
		var stopAnimateScroll = function ( position, endLocation, animationInterval ) {
			var currentLocation = root.pageYOffset;
			if ( position == endLocation || currentLocation == endLocation || ( (root.innerHeight + currentLocation) >=

				documentHeight ) ) {
				clearInterval(animationInterval);

				// If scroll target is an anchor, bring it into focus
				if ( !isNum ) {
					anchorElem.focus();
					if ( document.activeElement.id !== anchorElem.id ) {
						anchorElem.setAttribute( 'tabindex', '-1' );
						anchorElem.focus();
						anchorElem.style.outline = 'none';
					}
				}
				animateSettings.callback( anchor, toggle ); // Run callbacks after animation complete
			}
		};

		/**
		 * Loop scrolling animation
		 * @private
		 */
		var loopAnimateScroll = function () {
			timeLapsed += 16;
			percentage = ( timeLapsed / parseInt(animateSettings.speed, 10) );
			percentage = ( percentage > 1 ) ? 1 : percentage;
			position = startLocation + ( distance * easingPattern(animateSettings.easing, percentage) );
			root.scrollTo( 0, Math.floor(position) );
			stopAnimateScroll(position, endLocation, animationInterval);
		};

		/**
		 * Set interval timer
		 * @private
		 */
		var startAnimateScroll = function () {
			clearInterval(animationInterval);
			animationInterval = setInterval(loopAnimateScroll, 16);
		};

		/**
		 * Reset position to fix weird iOS bug
		 * @link https://github.com/cferdinandi/smooth-scroll/issues/45
		 */
		if ( root.pageYOffset === 0 ) {
			root.scrollTo( 0, 0 );
		}

		// Start scrolling animation
		startAnimateScroll();

	};

	/**
	 * If smooth scroll element clicked, animate scroll
	 * @private
	 */
	var eventHandler = function (event) {

		// Don't run if right-click or command/control + click
		if ( event.button !== 0 || event.metaKey || event.ctrlKey ) return;

		// If a smooth scroll link, animate it
		var toggle = getClosest( event.target, settings.selector );
		if ( toggle && toggle.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'a' ) {

			// Check that link is an anchor and points to current page
			if ( toggle.hostname !== root.location.hostname || toggle.pathname !== root.location.pathname || !/#/.test(toggle.href) ) return;

			event.preventDefault(); // Prevent default click event
			smoothScroll.animateScroll( toggle.hash, toggle, settings); // Animate scroll

		}

	};

	/**
	 * On window scroll and resize, only run events at a rate of 15fps for better performance
	 * @private
	 * @param  {Function} eventTimeout Timeout function
	 * @param  {Object} settings
	 */
	var eventThrottler = function (event) {
		if ( !eventTimeout ) {
			eventTimeout = setTimeout(function() {
				eventTimeout = null; // Reset timeout
				headerHeight = getHeaderHeight( fixedHeader ); // Get the height of a fixed header if one exists
			}, 66);
		}
	};

	/**
	 * Destroy the current initialization.
	 * @public
	 */
	smoothScroll.destroy = function () {

		// If plugin isn't already initialized, stop
		if ( !settings ) return;

		// Remove event listeners
		root.document.removeEventListener( 'click', eventHandler, false );
		root.removeEventListener( 'resize', eventThrottler, false );

		// Reset varaibles
		settings = null;
		eventTimeout = null;
		fixedHeader = null;
		headerHeight = null;
		animationInterval = null;
	};

	/**
	 * Initialize Smooth Scroll
	 * @public
	 * @param {Object} options User settings
	 */
	smoothScroll.init = function ( options ) {

		// feature test
		if ( !supports ) return;

		// Destroy any existing initializations
		smoothScroll.destroy();

		// Selectors and variables
		settings = extend( defaults, options || {} ); // Merge user options with defaults
		fixedHeader = root.document.querySelector( settings.selectorHeader ); // Get the fixed header
		headerHeight = getHeaderHeight( fixedHeader );

		// When a toggle is clicked, run the click handler
		root.document.addEventListener('click', eventHandler, false );
		if ( fixedHeader ) { root.addEventListener( 'resize', eventThrottler, false ); }

	};


	//
	// Public APIs
	//

	return smoothScroll;

});
window.onload=function() {
  smoothScroll.init({
    updateURL: true,
    callback: function(anchor, toggle) {
      console.log(anchor);
      var link=document.querySelector("a[href='"+anchor+"']");
      var links = document.querySelectorAll("#menu-content .nav");
      for (var i = 0; i < links.length; i++) {
        links[i].classList.toggle('active', 0);
      }
      link.classList.toggle("active", toggle);
    }
  });
}
a { text-decoration:none; }
.active { text-decoration:underline; font-family:"Aero Bold", sans-serif;
}
<div data-scroll-header id="menu">
  <div id="menu-content">
    <a class="nav" data-scroll href="#weare">Company</a>
    <a class="nav" data-scroll href="#product">Product</a>
    <a class="nav" data-scroll href="#technical">Technical specifications</a>
    <a class="nav" data-scroll href="#footer">Get in touch</a>
  </div>
</div>
<hr />
<div id="weare">We are what</div>
<div id="product">product</div>

Comments