Dónal Dónal - 9 months ago 52
Java Question

annotation based Spring bean validation

I'm investigating an annotation-based approach to validating Spring beans using spring modules. In this tutorial, the following bean (getters and setters omitted) is used as an example:

public final class User {

@Length(max = 80)
private String name;

@Length(max = 80)
private String email;

@Length(max = 4000)
private String text;

The error message that is used if a particular validation rule is disobeyed should follow this format:

bean-class.bean-propery[validation-rule]=Validation Error message

Examples for the class shown above include:

User.email[not.blank]=Please enter your e-mail address.
User.email[email]=Please enter a valid e-mail address.
User.email[length]=Please enter no more than {2} characters.

The fact that the message keys contain the class name presents a couple of problems:

  1. If the class is renamed, the message keys also need to be changed

  2. If I have another class (e.g. Person) with an email property that is validated identically to User.email, I need to duplicate the messages, e.g.

    Person.email[not.blank]=Please enter your e-mail address.

    Person.email[email]=Please enter a valid e-mail address.

    Person.email[length]=Please enter no more than {2} characters.

In fact, the documentation claims that is possible to configure a default message for a particular rule (e.g. @Email) like this:

email=email address is invalid

This default message should be used if a bean-specific message for the rule cannot be found. However, my experience is that this simply does not work.

An alternative mechanism for avoiding duplicate messages is to pass the key of the error message to the rule annotation. For example, assume I have defined the following default error message for the @Email rule

badEmail=Email address is invalid

This message should be used if I annotate the relevant property like this:

private String email;

However I tried this, out and again, it just doesn't seem to work. Has anyone found a way to avoid duplicating error messages when using this validation framework?


I took a quick look at the BeanValidator API, and it looks like you might want to try the errorCodeConverter property.

You would need to implement your own ErrorCodeConverter, or use one of the provided implementations?

<bean id="validator" class="org.springmodules.validation.bean.BeanValidator"
    p:errorCodeConverter-ref="errorCodeConverter" />

<bean id="errorCodeConverter" class="contact.MyErrorCodeConverter" />

Note: configurationLoader is another bean defined in the config XML used in the tutorial

Example converter:

package contact;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.springmodules.validation.bean.converter.ErrorCodeConverter;

public class MyErrorCodeConverter implements ErrorCodeConverter {

    private Log log = LogFactory.getLog(MyErrorCodeConverter.class);

    public String convertPropertyErrorCode(String errorCode, Class clazz, String property) {
        log.error(String.format("Property %s %s %s", errorCode, clazz.getClass().getName(), property));
        return errorCode;  // <------ use the errorCode only

    public String convertGlobalErrorCode(String errorCode, Class clazz) {
        log.error(String.format("Global %s %s", errorCode, clazz.getClass().getName()));
        return errorCode;

Now the properties should work:

MyEmailErrorCode=Bad email

class Foo {
    String email