DkS DkS - 1 year ago 128
Java Question

Log runtime Exceptions in Java using log4j

I am currently building an application using Tomcat, Spring and JAVA. I am using

as my logging library. I currently am logging everything to a text file. One of the issues I'm having is that
are not being logged to any files. I was wondering if there is a way to log all
that maybe thrown to my application log file. If not is it possible to have it log to another log file? Is there a standard way to do this? If so is there a standard way to do this when running your application within Tomcat?

Thank you in advance for your help!

Answer Source

I'm not sure if this is what you are looking for, but there is a handler for exceptions that terminate threads. It is a handler for any exception that is not caught explicitly by the target of the thread.

The default "uncaught exception handler" simply calls printStackTrace() on the Throwable to print the stack trace to System.err. However, you could replace this with your own UncaughtExceptionHandler that logs the exception to log4j instead:

class Log4jBackstop implements Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler {

  private static Logger log = Logger.getLogger(Log4jBackstop.class);

  public void uncaughtException(Thread t, Throwable ex) {
    log.error("Uncaught exception in thread: " + t.getName(), ex);


If you are using an executor framework to which you pass a Runnable object, its threads probably have their own catch block that prevent exceptions from reaching the uncaught exception handler. If you want to catch Runtime exceptions there, one way to do it is to wrap each task in a logging wrapper, like this:

class Log4jWrapper {

  private final Logger log;

  private final Runnable target;

  Log4jWrapper(Logger log, Runnable target) { 
    this.log = Objects.requireNonNull(log); = Objects.requireNonNull(target); 

  public void run() {
    try {;
    } catch(RuntimeException ex) {
      log.error("Uncaught exception.", ex);
      throw ex;



Runnable realTask = ...;
executor.submit(new Log4jWrapper(Logger.getLogger(Whatever.class), realTask));
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