chronos - 5 months ago 23

Swift Question

Using Swift, I am trying to workout a complex array filter or sort and I am stuck. My array of integers can contain between 1 and 7 elements. Given a certain integer value (say X) which is not in the array, I would like to find the array element that gives the smallest difference between itself and X.

Answer

In **Swift 2** you can do it as a "one-liner" with functional-style
programming:

```
let numbers = [ 1, 3, 7, 11]
let x = 6
let closest = numbers.enumerate().minElement( { abs($0.1 - x) < abs($1.1 - x)} )!
print(closest.element) // 7 = the closest element
print(closest.index) // 2 = index of the closest element
```

`enumerate()`

iterates over all array elements together with the
corresponding index, and `minElement()`

returns the "smallest"
`(index, element)`

pair with respect to the closure.
The closure compares the absolute values of the difference of
two elements to `x`

.

Note that this is probably not the fastest solution for large arrays, because the absolute differences are computed twice for (almost) all array elements. But for small arrays this should not matter.

It is not as elegant in **Swift 1.2.** There is no `minElement()`

function which takes an comparison closure as an argument, and many
tasks can only be done with global functions instead of (protocol
extension) methods. Here is one possible solution, this is quite similar
to what @hennes suggested in his answer, translated to Swift 1.2:

```
let closest = reduce(enumerate(numbers), (index: -1, element: Int.max), { abs($0.1 - x) < abs($1.1 - x) ? $0 : $1 } )
println(closest.element) // 7
println(closest.index) // 2
```

**Swift 3**:

```
let numbers = [ 1, 3, 7, 11]
let x = 6
let closest = numbers.enumerated().min( by: { abs($0.1 - x) < abs($1.1 - x))
print(closest.element) // 7
print(closest.offset) // 2
```