Danielle Danielle - 1 year ago 132
R Question

Using oauth2.0 tokens with R's httr package

Problem



The package
httr
provides CURL wrappers in R (see package documentation).

I'm brand new to HTTP and APIs. My trouble is getting oauth2.0 authentication to work. I have tried various syntax specifications and get either errors or status 401.

What is the correct way to use an oauth2.0 token and make a
GET()
request using
httr
?


Code Attempts



# Set UP

url = "https://canvas.{institution}.edu/api/v1/courses"
key = "{secret_key}"

# 1
GET(url, sign_oauth2.0(key))
# Error: Deprecated: supply token object to config directly

# 2
GET(url, config(sign_oauth2.0 = key))
# unknown option: sign_oauth2.0

# 3
GET(url, config = list(sign_oauth2.0 = key))
# Status 401

Answer Source

Solution

In this particular use case—working with the Canvas API—additional information is required in the header of the request.

Using the GET function from the httr R package, use the add_header parameter to supply the argument including your oauth2 key.

Use Option 1 if you don't want to hard code your key into the request (recommended). Or, use Option 2 and insert the key as a string. But in both cases, "Bearer " precedes the key.

# Set Up
url = "https://canvas.{institution}.edu/api/v1/courses"
key = "{secret_key}"

# OPTION 1
GET(url, add_headers(Authorization = paste("Bearer", key, sep = " ")))

# OPTION 2
courses.request = GET(url, add_headers(Authorization = "Bearer {secretkey}"))

Further Explanations

Can anyone else explain other reasons why the OP's examples didn't work?

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