M2X M2X - 5 months ago 95
Android Question

ViewPager Activity to notify a Fragment of a specific event

I have a

ViewPager
and it is using a
FragmentAdapter
in order to display several fragments of the same kind. Although these Fragments are basically instantiated from the same class, they are using a
ListView
to display different information. (Obviously the
ListView
is being poulated by an
ArrayAdapter
.)

A background service is also running and is constantly receiving data from the Internet. I want to be able to update a specific Fragment in the
ViewPager
when my background service has notified me of a specific event.

How can I do that?
A code snippet would be hugely appreciated!

(By the way, I have saw this similar question but I have no idea how to use their suggestion!)

To make it all more simple:
My activity with the ViewPager:

[Fragment 0] [Fragment 1] [Fragment 2]

The background service tells me (via a broadcast) to update the
ListView
in Fragment 1.

EDIT:
Here are sample codes:

public class ChatWindowPager extends FragmentActivity
{
private ViewPager mViewPager = null;
private ChatFragmentAdapter mAdapter = null;
@Override
protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.chat_window_pager);

this.mViewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.chatPager);
this.mAdapter = new ChatFragmentAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager());
this.mViewPager.setAdapter(this.mAdapter);
.
.
.
}

class ChatFragmentAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter implements ViewProvider
{

public ChatFragmentAdapter(final FragmentManager fm)
{
super(fm);
}

@Override
public Fragment getItem(final int arg0)
{
String friendId = ..... // Some initializations
ChatWindowFragment f = ChatWindowFragment.newInstance(friendId);
return f;
}

@Override
public int getCount()
{
...
}

@Override
public View getView(final int position)
{
View v = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.tab_holder, null);
.
.
.
return v;
}
}
}


Now the fragments is defined like this:

public class ChatWindowFragment extends Fragment
{
public String friendId;
private ListView lv;

public static ChatWindowFragment newInstance(final String friendId)
{
ChatWindowFragment chatWindowFragment = new ChatWindowFragment();
Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
bundle.putString("friendId", friendId);
chatWindowFragment.setArguments(bundle);
return chatWindowFragment;
}

@Override
public void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
this.friendId = getArguments().getString("friendId");
}

@Override
public View onCreateView(final LayoutInflater inflater, final ViewGroup container, final Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.chat_window, container, false);

this.friendId = getArguments().getString("friendId");
.
.
.
return v;
}

//The rest of the class

}


As I am using a
FragmentPagerAdapter
I don't see how I can set the tag of each fragment!
(Obviously, I am not using transactions to add the Fragments!)

EDIT 2:
I would like to know whether what I'm doing, is the correct way to handle what I want to do... Any other solution is also welcome!

Answer

Try this,

Register a broadcast receiver in all your fragments... like this

create a class which extends a broadcast receiver in all the classes, for eg:

public class FragmentReceiver1 extends BroadcastReceiver {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        }    
}

and register this receiver in you fragment's onCreate ...

for eg. getActivity().registerReceiver(new FragmentReceiver1(), new IntentFilter("fragmentupdater"));

Now assign a unique id to each of you fragment like 1 for Fragment1, 2 for Fragment2 and likewise

now whenever you want to pass any data and update any of the fragment just send a broadcast with the data in intent and "fragmentupdater" as the intent-filter...

For eg:

Intent data = new Intent("fragmentupdater");
data.putString("key","data");
data.putInt("fragmentno",1); // Pass the unique id of fragment we talked abt earlier
activity.sendBroadcast(data);

Now each of your fragment will receive the data but you can verify if the data if for the same fragment by the unique id we passed in it in the onReceive function..., the intent which you get, is the intent we passed above