lfalin lfalin -4 years ago 104
C# Question

Access COM vtable from C#

Is there any way in C# to access a COM object's virtual method table in order to get a function's address?

Answer Source

After a lot of searching and piecing together different partial solutions, I figured out how to do it.

First you need to define the COM coclass for the object you're trying to access:

[ComImport, Guid("..."), InterfaceType(ComInterfaceType.InterfaceIsIUnknown)]
internal interface ISomeCOMInterface
   // Define interface methods here, using PInvoke conversion between types

Next you need to instantiate the COM object. There are a couple of ways to do that. Since I was interested in DirectSound, I used:

[DllImport("dsound.dll", EntryPoint = "DirectSoundCreate", ...]
static extern void DirectSoundCreate(IntPtr GUID, [Out, MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Interface)] out IDirectSound directSound, IntPtr pUnkOuter);

IDirectSound directSound;
DirectSoundCreate(IntPtr.Zero, out directSound, IntPtr.Zero);

Since I now had my COM object, I could then use Hans' suggestion of Marshal.GetComInterfaceForObject():

IntPtr comPtr = Marshal.GetComInterfaceForObject(directSound, typeof(IDirectSound));
IntPtr vTable = Marshal.ReadIntPtr(comPtr);

As an added bonus, you can then iterate through the vtable functions like this:

int start = Marshal.GetStartComSlot(typeof(IDirectSound));
int end = Marshal.GetEndComSlot(typeof(IDirectSound));

ComMemberType mType = 0;
for (int i = start; i <= end; i++)
    System.Reflection.MemberInfo mi = Marshal.GetMethodInfoForComSlot(typeof(IDirectSound), i, ref mType);
    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} at address 0x{1:X}", mi.Name, Marshal.ReadIntPtr(vTable, i * Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(IntPtr))).ToInt64());

Extra Reading / References:

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