sandy sandy - 1 year ago 152
Javascript Question

How to submit a form with JavaScript by clicking a link?

Instead of a submit button I have a link:

<form>

<a href="#"> submit </a>

</form>


Can I make it submit the form when it is clicked?

Answer Source

The best way

The best way is to insert an appropriate input tag:

<input type="submit" value="submit" />

The best JS way

<form id="form-id">
  <button id="your-id">submit</button>
</form>
var form = document.getElementById("form-id");

document.getElementById("your-id").addEventListener("click", function () {
  form.submit();
});

Enclose the latter JavaScript code by an DOMContentLoaded event (choose only load for backward compatiblity) if you haven't already done so:

window.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function () {
  var form = document.... // copy the last code block!
});

The easy, not recommandable way (the former answer)

Add an onclick attribute to the link and an id to the form:

<form id="form-id">

  <a href="#" onclick="document.getElementById('form-id').submit();"> submit </a>

</form>

All ways

Whatever way you choose, you have call formObject.submit() eventually (where formObject is the DOM object of the <form> tag).

You also have to bind such an event handler, which calls formObject.submit(), so it gets called when the user clicked a specific link or button. There are two ways:

  • Recommended: Bind an event listener to the DOM object.

    // 1. Acquire a reference to our <form>.
    //    This can also be done by setting <form name="blub">:
    //       var form = document.forms.blub;
    
    var form = document.getElementById("form-id");
    
    
    // 2. Get a reference to our preferred element (link/button, see below) and
    //    add an event listener for the "click" event.
    document.getElementById("your-id").addEventListener("click", function () {
      form.submit();
    });
    
  • Not recommended: Insert inline JavaScript. There are several reasons why this technique is not recommendable. One major argument is that you mix markup (HTML) with scripts (JS). The code becomes unorganized and rather unmaintainable.

    <a href="#" onclick="document.getElementById('form-id').submit();">submit</a>
    
    <button onclick="document.getElementById('form-id').submit();">submit</button>
    

Now, we come to the point at which you have to decide for the UI element which triggers the submit() call.

  1. A button

    <button>submit</button>
    
  2. A link

    <a href="#">submit</a>
    

Apply the aforementioned techniques in order to add an event listener.

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