Rohit Rohit - 6 months ago 54
Python Question

Unable to "import matplotlib.pyplot as plt" in virtualenv

I am working with flask in a virtual environment. I was able to install matplotlib with pip, and I can

import matplotlib
in a Python session. However, when I import it as

matplotlib.pyplot as plt

I get the following error:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
File "//anaconda/envs/myenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/", line 109, in <module>
_backend_mod, new_figure_manager, draw_if_interactive, _show = pylab_setup()
File "//anaconda/envs/myenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/backends/", line 32, in pylab_setup
File "//anaconda/envs/myenv/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/backends/", line 24, in <module>
from matplotlib.backends import _macosx
RuntimeError: Python is not installed as a framework. The Mac OS X backend will not be able to function correctly if Python is not installed as a framework. See the Python documentation for more information on installing Python as a framework on Mac OS X. Please either reinstall Python as a framework, or try one of the other backends.

I am confused about why it asks me to install Python as framework. Doesn't it already exists? What does it mean to "install Python as framework", and how do I install it?


This solution worked for me. If you already installed matplotlib using pip on your virtual environment, you can just type the following:

$ cd ~/.matplotlib
$ nano matplotlibrc

And then, write backend: TkAgg in there. If you need more information, just go to the solution link.