nilesh nilesh - 2 months ago 19
MySQL Question

How to store the data in unicode in hindi language

I am using

PHP
and
MySQL
for an application.

Questions are:


  1. How to store data in
    MySQL
    नवीन खेतिहर उपकरण।
    readable format or
    निलेस र पà¥à¤¬
    format

  2. When user enters data in a textbox and clicks on submit, at that time we get data in different format. What we need to do should we convert and store in
    MySQL
    in readable format.


Answer

Choose utf8 character set and utf8_general_ci collation.

Obviously, Collation of the field (to which you want to store Hindi text) should be utf8_general_ci.

To alter your table field, run

ALTER TABLE `<table_name>` CHANGE `<field_name>` `<field_name>` VARCHAR(100) 
CHARSET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci DEFAULT '' NOT NULL;

Once you've connected to database, run the following statement at first

mysql_set_charset('utf8');

Eg:

//setting character set
mysql_set_charset('utf8');

//insert Hindi text
mysql_query("INSERT INTO ....");

To retrieve data

//setting character set
mysql_set_charset('utf8');

//select Hindi text
mysql_query("SELECT * FROM ....");

Before you printing any unicode text (say Hindi text) on browser, you should have to set content type of that page by adding a meta tag

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

Eg:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Example Unicode</title>
</head>

<body>
<?php echo $hindiText; ?>
</body>
</html>

Update:

mysql_query("SET CHARACTER SET utf8") has changed tomysql_set_charset('utf8'); This is the preferred way to change the charset. Using mysql_query() to set it (such as SET NAMES utf8) is not recommended. See http://php.net/manual/en/function.mysql-set-charset.php*