justinzane justinzane - 1 year ago 192
C++ Question

ZMQ C++ Event Loop Within Class

My overall goal in using ZMQ is to avoid having to get into the weeds of asynchronous message passing; and ZMQ seemed like a portable and practical solution. Most of the ZeroMQ docs, however, like this, and many of the other zmq examples I have Googled upon are based on the helloworld.c format. That is, they are all simple procedural code inside

int main(){}

My problem is that I want to "embed" a zmq "listener" inside a c++ singleton-like class. I want to "listen" for messages and then process them. I'm planning on using zmq's
sockets, on the off chance that matters. What I cannot figure out how to do is to have in internal "event loop".

class foomgr {
static foomgr& get_foomgr();
// ...
foomgr(const &foomgr);
// ...
listener_() {
// while(true) DOES NOT WORK HERE
// ...
zmq::context_t zmqcntx_;
zmq::socket_t zmqsock_;
const int zmqsock_linger_ = 1000;
// ....

I obviously cannot use the
construct in listener, since wherever I call it from will block. Since one of the advantages of using ZMQ is that I do not have to manage "listener" threads myself, it seems silly to have to figure out how create my own thread to wrap listener_ in. I'm lost for solutions.

Note: I'm a c++ newb, so what might be obvious to most is not to me. Also, I'm trying to use generic "words", not library or language specific to avoid confusion. The code is built with -std=c++11, so those
constructs are fine.

Answer Source

The ZMQ C++ library does not implement a listener pattern for message polling. It leaves that task up to you to wrap in your own classes. It does support a non-blocking mode of polling for new messages, however.

So using the right code you can wrap it up in a small loop in a non-blocking fashion.

See this Polling Example here on GitHub written in C++. Note that its polling from 2 sockets, so you'll need to modify it a little to remove the extra code.

The important part that you'll need to wrap inside your own observer implementation is below:

zmq::message_t message;
zmq::poll (&items [0], 2, -1);

if (items [0].revents & ZMQ_POLLIN) {
    //  Process task