aaa111 aaa111 - 1 month ago 7
Android Question

Android SQLite Read Database from External Storage Folder

Currently i am developing an Android application where my requirements is to read SQLite db from a fixed location in External Location. But i am not unable to open the database. The code i am trying is below:

DatabaseHelper:

import android.content.Context;
import android.database.SQLException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

public class DataBaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper
{
private static final int DB_VERSION = 1;
//private static final String DB_NAME = "MedRec.db";
private static final String DB_NAME = "MedRec";

public DataBaseHelper(Context context)
{
//super(context,DB_NAME,null,DB_VERSION);

super(context, Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/EMIS/MedRec", null, 1);
//super(context, context.getExternalFilesDir(null).getAbsolutePath() + "/EMIS/" + DB_NAME, null, 1);

Log.d("DB_PATH:", context.getExternalFilesDir(null).getAbsolutePath() + "/EMIS/" + DB_NAME);
}

@Override
public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase database)
{
Log.d("CREATING TABLE :", "SUCCESS");
}

@Override
public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase database,int oldVersion,int newVersion)
{

Log.d("UPGRADING TABLE :", "SUCCESS");

onCreate(database);
}
}


PatientDataSource

package com.medrecordapp.main.database;

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.SQLException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.util.Log;
import com.medrecordapp.main.model.Patient;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class PatientDataSource
{
private SQLiteDatabase database;
private DataBaseHelper dbHelper;

public static final String TABLE_PATIENT = "Patient";

public final static String ID = "_id";
public final static String PATIENT_ID = "PatientID";
public final static String NHS_NUMBER = "NHSNumber";
public final static String FIRST_NAME = "FirstName";
public final static String LAST_NAME = "LastName";
public final static String CATEGORY = "category";
public final static String PHONE_1 = "phone1";
public final static String PHONE_2 = "phone2";
public final static String PHOTO_FILE = "photofile";
public final static String PROFESSION = "profession";
public final static String STREET = "Street";
public final static String VILLAGE = "Village";
public final static String TOWN = "Town";
public final static String COUNTRY = "County";
public final static String POST_CODE = "PostCode";
public final static String COMMENT = "comment";
public final static String E1 = "E1";
public final static String E2 = "E2";
public final static String E3 = "E3";
public final static String E4 = "E4";
public final static String E5 = "E5";
public final static String UPD_DATE = "upddate";

public PatientDataSource(Context context)
{
dbHelper = new DataBaseHelper(context);
}

public void open() throws SQLException
{
///dbHelper.openDataBase();
//dbHelper.getReadableDatabase();
//database = dbHelper.getReadableDatabase();

database = dbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
}

public void close()
{
dbHelper.close();
}

public long addPatient(Patient patient)
{
open();

ContentValues patientValue = new ContentValues();

patientValue.put(PATIENT_ID, patient.getPatientId());
patientValue.put(NHS_NUMBER, patient.getNhsNumber());
patientValue.put(FIRST_NAME, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(LAST_NAME, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(CATEGORY, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(PHONE_1, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(PHONE_2, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(PHOTO_FILE, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(PROFESSION, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(STREET, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(VILLAGE, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(TOWN, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(COUNTRY, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(POST_CODE, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(COMMENT, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(E1, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(E2, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(E3, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(E4, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(E5, patient.getFirstName());
patientValue.put(UPD_DATE, patient.getFirstName());

long insertId = database.insert(TABLE_PATIENT,null,patientValue);

Log.d("RESULT :", insertId + "");

close();

return insertId;
}

public ArrayList<Patient> loadPatient()
{
open();

ArrayList<Patient> patientList = new ArrayList<Patient>();

Cursor cursor = database.rawQuery(" SELECT * FROM Patient " , null );

cursor.moveToFirst();

while (!cursor.isAfterLast())
{
Patient patient = new Patient(
cursor.getInt(cursor.getColumnIndex("_id")) , cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("PatientID")), cursor.getString(2), cursor.getString(3),
cursor.getString(4), cursor.getString(5), cursor.getString(6), cursor.getString(6),
cursor.getString(7), cursor.getString(8), cursor.getString(9), cursor.getString(10),
cursor.getString(11), cursor.getString(12), cursor.getString(13), cursor.getString(14),
cursor.getString(15), cursor.getString(16), cursor.getString(17), cursor.getString(18),
cursor.getString(19), cursor.getString(20), cursor.getString(21)
);

patientList.add(patient);

cursor.moveToNext();
}

cursor.close();

close();

return patientList;
}

public ArrayList<Patient> loadPatient(String patientId)
{
open();

ArrayList<Patient> patientList = new ArrayList<Patient>();

Cursor cursor = database.rawQuery(" SELECT * FROM Patient WHERE _id = ?" , new String[]{ patientId } );

cursor.moveToFirst();

while (!cursor.isAfterLast())
{
Patient patient = new Patient(
cursor.getInt(0) , cursor.getString(1), cursor.getString(2), cursor.getString(3),
cursor.getString(4), cursor.getString(5), cursor.getString(6), cursor.getString(6),
cursor.getString(7), cursor.getString(8), cursor.getString(9), cursor.getString(10),
cursor.getString(11), cursor.getString(12), cursor.getString(13), cursor.getString(14),
cursor.getString(15), cursor.getString(16), cursor.getString(17), cursor.getString(18),
cursor.getString(19), cursor.getString(20), cursor.getString(21)
);

patientList.add(patient);

cursor.moveToNext();
}

cursor.close();

close();

return patientList;
}

/*public void updateFavorites(Favorites favoritesInfo,String id)
{
open();

ContentValues favoritesInfoValues = new ContentValues();

String strFilter = "id = " + id;

favoritesInfoValues.put(ID, favoritesInfo.getFavoritesId());
favoritesInfoValues.put(JOKES_ID, favoritesInfo.getJokesId());

//Update using the SQLite update function.
database.update(TABLE_FAVORITES, favoritesInfoValues, strFilter, null);

//Close the opened database connection
close();
}*/

public boolean deletePatient(String id)
{
open();

String strFilter = "_id =" + id;

boolean res = database.delete(TABLE_PATIENT, strFilter , null) > 0;

close();

return res;
}
}


Manifest Permissions:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />


But what i am getting is the following exceptions :

10-25 12:49:25.838 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/SQLiteLog﹕ (14) cannot open file at line 31278 of [2ef4f3a5b1]
10-25 12:49:25.838 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/SQLiteLog﹕ (14) os_unix.c:31278: (2) open(/storage/emulated/0/EMIS/MedRec) -
10-25 12:49:25.838 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/SQLiteConnection﹕ DB info: sqlite3_open_v2, path: /storage/emulated/0/EMIS/MedRec, flag: 6, ret: 14
10-25 12:49:25.838 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/SQLiteConnection﹕ DB info: errno = 2, errno message = No such file or directory
10-25 12:49:25.839 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/SQLiteDatabase﹕ Failed to open database '/storage/emulated/0/EMIS/MedRec'.
android.database.sqlite.SQLiteCantOpenDatabaseException: unknown error (code 14): Could not open database
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.nativeOpen(Native Method)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:237)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:221)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.openConnectionLocked(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:468)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:190)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:182)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.openInner(SQLiteDatabase.java:876)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.open(SQLiteDatabase.java:856)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(SQLiteDatabase.java:754)
at android.app.ContextImpl.openOrCreateDatabase(ContextImpl.java:579)
at android.content.ContextWrapper.openOrCreateDatabase(ContextWrapper.java:269)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper.getDatabaseLocked(SQLiteOpenHelper.java:223)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper.getWritableDatabase(SQLiteOpenHelper.java:163)
at com.medrecordapp.main.database.PatientDataSource.open(PatientDataSource.java:53)
at com.medrecordapp.main.database.PatientDataSource.loadPatient(PatientDataSource.java:100)
at com.medrecordapp.main.activity.PatientListActivity.onCreate(PatientListActivity.java:90)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:6262)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1125)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2462)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2569)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$900(ActivityThread.java:150)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1399)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:168)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5885)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:819)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:709)
10-25 12:49:25.840 30502-30502/com.medrecodapp.main.database E/AndroidRuntime﹕ FATAL EXCEPTION: main
Process: com.medrecodapp.main.database, PID: 30502
java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.medrecodapp.main.database/com.medrecordapp.main.activity.PatientListActivity}: android.database.sqlite.SQLiteCantOpenDatabaseException: unknown error (code 14): Could not open database
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2509)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2569)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$900(ActivityThread.java:150)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1399)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:168)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5885)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:819)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:709)
Caused by: android.database.sqlite.SQLiteCantOpenDatabaseException: unknown error (code 14): Could not open database
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.nativeOpen(Native Method)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:237)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:221)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.openConnectionLocked(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:468)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:190)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:182)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.openInner(SQLiteDatabase.java:876)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.open(SQLiteDatabase.java:856)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(SQLiteDatabase.java:754)
at android.app.ContextImpl.openOrCreateDatabase(ContextImpl.java:579)
at android.content.ContextWrapper.openOrCreateDatabase(ContextWrapper.java:269)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper.getDatabaseLocked(SQLiteOpenHelper.java:223)
at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper.getWritableDatabase(SQLiteOpenHelper.java:163)
at com.medrecordapp.main.database.PatientDataSource.open(PatientDataSource.java:53)
at com.medrecordapp.main.database.PatientDataSource.loadPatient(PatientDataSource.java:100)
at com.medrecordapp.main.activity.PatientListActivity.onCreate(PatientListActivity.java:90)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:6262)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1125)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2462)
            at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2569)
            at android.app.ActivityThread.access$900(ActivityThread.java:150)
            at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1399)
            at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
            at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:168)
            at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5885)
            at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
            at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:819)
            at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:709)


The file has bee put inside the following folder :

enter image description here

enter image description here

One last thing i would like to mention is that i am testing this on HTC 10 which does not have any External storage, but emulated storage.Any help would be highly appreciated.
Thanks

Answer

Taken from @k3b answers:

You can use the SQLiteOpenHelper with a custom path if you provide a custom ContextClass and if you have write access to the target directory.

public class DatabaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
  private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 3;
    .....

  DatabaseHelper(final Context context, String databaseName) {
    super(new DatabaseContext(context), databaseName, null, DATABASE_VERSION);
  }
}

And here is the custom DatabaseContext class that does all the magic:

class DatabaseContext extends ContextWrapper {

  private static final String DEBUG_CONTEXT = "DatabaseContext";

  public DatabaseContext(Context base) {
    super(base);
  }

  @Override
  public File getDatabasePath(String name)  {
    File sdcard = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();    
    String dbfile = sdcard.getAbsolutePath() + File.separator+ "databases" + File.separator + name;
    if (!dbfile.endsWith(".db")) {
      dbfile += ".db" ;
    }

    File result = new File(dbfile);

    if (!result.getParentFile().exists()) {
      result.getParentFile().mkdirs();
    }

    if (Log.isLoggable(DEBUG_CONTEXT, Log.WARN)) {
      Log.w(DEBUG_CONTEXT, "getDatabasePath(" + name + ") = " + result.getAbsolutePath());
    }

    return result;
  }

  /* this version is called for android devices >= api-11. thank to @damccull for fixing this. */
  @Override
  public SQLiteDatabase openOrCreateDatabase(String name, int mode, SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory factory, DatabaseErrorHandler errorHandler) {
    return openOrCreateDatabase(name,mode, factory);
  }

  /* this version is called for android devices < api-11 */
  @Override
  public SQLiteDatabase openOrCreateDatabase(String name, int mode, SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory factory) {
    SQLiteDatabase result = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(getDatabasePath(name), null);
    // SQLiteDatabase result = super.openOrCreateDatabase(name, mode, factory);
    if (Log.isLoggable(DEBUG_CONTEXT, Log.WARN)) {
      Log.w(DEBUG_CONTEXT, "openOrCreateDatabase(" + name + ",,) = " + result.getPath());
    }
    return result;
  }
}

How does this work:

Normal android apps have their local database files relative to the app folder. By using a customer context with overwritten getDatabasePath() the database is now relative to a different directory on the sd card.

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