User1551892 User1551892 - 28 days ago 8
C# Question

How to get a complete row or column from 2D array in C#

I do not want to use jagged array and I have 2D array and I want to get complete column or row without looping through. Is any one has idea that how it can be done.

double [,] array = new double [3,3] ;

1 2 3
4 5 6

Out: 1 2 3 or 2 5

Answer

You can optimise it for getting rows by using Buffer.BlockCopy(), but to get a column you'll have to loop. Buffer.BlockCopy() ultimately uses a processor instruction to copy a block of memory, so it is pretty fast.

It's convenient to put the code into an extension method to make it easier to call. Note that Buffer.BlockCopy() can only be used on arrays of primitive types, i.e. int, double, char etc. This does NOT include string.

Here's a compilable example:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace ConsoleApplication4
{
    public static class Program
    {
        private static void Main()
        {
            var array = new [,]
            {
                {0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5},
                {1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5},
                {2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5},
                {3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5},
            };

            var row = array.GetRow(2);

            // This prints 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5

            Console.WriteLine(string.Join(", ", row.Select(element => element.ToString())));
        }
    }

    public static class ArrayExt
    {
        public static T[] GetRow<T>(this T[,] array, int row)
        {
            if (!typeof(T).IsPrimitive)
                throw new InvalidOperationException("Not supported for managed types.");

            if (array == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("array");

            int cols = array.GetUpperBound(1) + 1;
            T[] result = new T[cols];
            int size = Marshal.SizeOf<T>();

            Buffer.BlockCopy(array, row*cols*size, result, 0, cols*size);

            return result;
        }
   }
}
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