R4j R4j - 4 months ago 37
Java Question

iText- ColumnText set text fit size in Rectangle

I want to add text into a rectangle(x,y,w,h). Text should be fitted size of rectangle (mean it has a maximum size but it still contains in rectangle).

I tried to measure the text size base on

BaseFont.getWidthPoint()
The problem is the final text size can't fit the rect. It looks like this:

enter image description here

Here is my try:

PdfContentByte cb = writer.getDirectContent();
cb.saveState();
ColumnText ct = new ColumnText(writer.getDirectContent());
Font font = new Font(BaseFont.createFont());
int rectWidth = 80;
float maxFontSize = getMaxFontSize(BaseFont.createFont(), "text", rectWidth );
font.setSize(maxFontSize);
ct.setText(new Phrase("test", font));
ct.setSimpleColumn(10, 10, rectWidth , 70);
ct.go();

// draw the rect
cb.setColorStroke(BaseColor.BLUE);
cb.rectangle(10, 10, rectWidth , 70);
cb.stroke();
cb.restoreState();

// get max font size base on rect width
private static float getMaxFontSize(BaseFont bf, String text, int width){
float measureWidth = 1;
float fontSize = 0.1f;
float oldSize = 0.1f;
while(measureWidth < width){
measureWidth = bf.getWidthPoint(text, fontSize);
oldSize = fontSize;
fontSize += 0.1f;
}

return oldSize;
}


Could you please tell me where I am wrong?


Another problem, I want to measure for both width and height, which text completely contains in rectangle and has the maximum font size. Is there any way to do this?

Update: here is the complete source code that worked for me:

private static float getMaxFontSize(BaseFont bf, String text, int width, int height){
// avoid infinite loop when text is empty
if(TextUtils.isEmpty(text)){
return 0.0f;
}


float fontSize = 0.1f;
while(bf.getWidthPoint(text, fontSize) < width){
fontSize += 0.1f;
}

float maxHeight = measureHeight(bf, text, fontSize);
while(maxHeight > height){
fontSize -= 0.1f;
maxHeight = measureHeight(bf, text, fontSize);
};

return fontSize;
}

public static float measureHeight(BaseFont baseFont, String text, float fontSize)
{
float ascend = baseFont.getAscentPoint(text, fontSize);
float descend = baseFont.getDescentPoint(text, fontSize);
return ascend - descend;
}

mkl mkl
Answer

The main issue

The main issue is that you use the wrong arguments in ct.setSimpleColumn:

ct.setSimpleColumn(10, 10, rectWidth , 70);

In contrast to the later cb.rectangle call

cb.rectangle(10, 10, rectWidth , 70);

which has arguments float x, float y, float w, float h (w and h being width and height) the method ct.setSimpleColumn has arguments float llx, float lly, float urx, float ury (ll being lower left and ur being upper right). Thus your ct.setSimpleColumn should look like this:

ct.setSimpleColumn(10, 10, 10 + rectWidth, 10 + 70);

A side issue

In addition to the main issue your result font size is 0.1 too large; essentially this is an error already pointed out by @David.

Your main loop in your getMaxFontSize method is this:

while(measureWidth < width){
    measureWidth = bf.getWidthPoint(text, fontSize);     
    oldSize = fontSize;
    fontSize += 0.1f;
}

This essentially results in oldSize (which eventually is returned) being the first font size which does not fit. You could fix this by instead using

while(bf.getWidthPoint(text, fontSize) < width){
    oldSize = fontSize;
    fontSize += 0.1f;
}

Even better would be an approach only calculating the string width once, not using a loop at all, e.g.

private static float getMaxFontSize(BaseFont bf, String text, int width)
{
    int textWidth = bf.getWidth(text);

    return (1000 * width) / textWidth;
}

(This method uses integer arithmetic. If you insist on an exact fit, switch to float or double arithmetic.)

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