gremo gremo - 16 days ago 5
PHP Question

PHP interfaces IteratorAggregate vs Iterator?

The

IteratorAggregate
is an interface to create an external Iterator:



class myData implements IteratorAggregate
{
public $property1 = "Public property one";
public $property2 = "Public property two";
public $property3 = "Public property three";

public function __construct()
{
$this->property4 = "last property";
}

public function getIterator()
{
return new ArrayIterator($this);
}
}

$obj = new myData;


And you'll be able to traverse the object using
foreach
:

foreach($obj as $key => $value) {
var_dump($key, $value);
echo "\n";
}


While
Iterator
is an interface for external iterators or objects that can be iterated themselves internally:

class myIterator implements Iterator
{
private $position = 0;
private $array = array('one', 'two', 'three');

function rewind()
{
$this->position = 0;
}

function current()
{
return $this->array[$this->position];
}

function key()
{
return $this->position;
}

function next()
{
++$this->position;
}

function valid()
{
return isset($this->array[$this->position]);
}
}


And again, you can traverse it basically the same way:

$it = new myIterator;

foreach($it as $key => $value) {
var_dump($key, $value);
echo "\n";
}


So can anyone explain why we need two interfaces and what's the difference between them?

Answer

I assume IteratorAggregate is for cases where you want to save time, and Iterator is for cases where you need fine control over iteration through your object. For example it lets you add custom exceptions on next(), key() or prev() failures, caching(if you iterate through something that takes data over the network), preprocess values before returning them.

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