Nick Klauer Nick Klauer - 5 months ago 12
Java Question

Get Last Friday of Month in Java

I am working on a project where the requirement is to have a date calculated as being the last Friday of a given month. I think I have a solution that only uses standard Java, but I was wondering if anyone knew of anything more concise or efficient. Below is what I tested with for this year:

for (int month = 0; month < 13; month++) {
GregorianCalendar d = new GregorianCalendar();
d.set(d.MONTH, month);
System.out.println("Last Week of Month in " + d.getDisplayName(d.MONTH, Calendar.LONG, Locale.ENGLISH) + ": " + d.getLeastMaximum(d.WEEK_OF_MONTH));
d.set(d.DAY_OF_WEEK, d.FRIDAY);
d.set(d.WEEK_OF_MONTH, d.getActualMaximum(d.WEEK_OF_MONTH));
while (d.get(d.MONTH) > month || d.get(d.MONTH) < month) {
d.add(d.WEEK_OF_MONTH, -1);
}
Date dt = d.getTime();
System.out.println("Last Friday of Last Week in " + d.getDisplayName(d.MONTH, Calendar.LONG, Locale.ENGLISH) + ": " + dt.toString());
}

Answer

Based on marked23's suggestion:

public Date getLastFriday( int month, int year ) {
   Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
   cal.set( year, month + 1, 1 );
   cal.add( Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, -( cal.get( Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK ) % 7 + 1 ) );
   return cal.getTime();
}
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