prabu R prabu R - 1 year ago 63
SQL Question

separate comma separated values and store in table in sql server

I am having a stored procedure which gets the comma separated value as an input. I need to separate it and needs to store it in a table as individual rows.

Let the input for SP is :

Rule_ID ListType_ID Values
1 2 319,400,521,8465,2013


I need to store it in a table called
DistributionRule_x_ListType
in the below format:

Rule_ID ListType_ID Value
1 2 319
1 2 400
1 2 521
1 2 8465
1 2 2013


My SP looks like below:

ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[spInsertDistributionRuleListType]
(@Rule_ID int,
@ListType_ID int,
@Values VARCHAR(MAX)=NULL
)
AS
BEGIN

INSERT INTO DistributionRule_x_ListType (Rule_ID,ListType_ID,Value)
VALUES (@Rule_ID,@ListType_ID,@Values)

END

Answer Source

You will need to create a split function similar to this:

create FUNCTION [dbo].[Split](@String varchar(MAX), @Delimiter char(1))       
returns @temptable TABLE (items varchar(MAX))       
as       
begin      
    declare @idx int       
    declare @slice varchar(8000)       

    select @idx = 1       
        if len(@String)<1 or @String is null  return       

    while @idx!= 0       
    begin       
        set @idx = charindex(@Delimiter,@String)       
        if @idx!=0       
            set @slice = left(@String,@idx - 1)       
        else       
            set @slice = @String       

        if(len(@slice)>0)  
            insert into @temptable(Items) values(@slice)       

        set @String = right(@String,len(@String) - @idx)       
        if len(@String) = 0 break       
    end   
return 
end;

Then in your stored procedure, you will call the function to split your string:

ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[spInsertDistributionRuleListType]
(
  @Rule_ID int,
  @ListType_ID int,
  @Values VARCHAR(MAX)=NULL
)
AS
BEGIN

    INSERT INTO DistributionRule_x_ListType (Rule_ID, ListType_ID, Value)
    SELECT @Rule_ID, @ListType_ID, items
    FROM [dbo].[Split] (@Values, ',')  -- call the split function 

END

When you execute the stored procedure, it will split the values and insert the multiple rows into your table:

exec spInsertDistributionRuleListType 1, 2, '319,400,521,8465,2013';

See SQL Fiddle with Demo. This will insert the following result:

| RULE_ID | LISTTYPE_ID | VALUE |
---------------------------------
|       1 |           1 |    10 |
|       1 |           2 |   319 |
|       1 |           2 |   400 |
|       1 |           2 |   521 |
|       1 |           2 |  8465 |
|       1 |           2 |  2013 |