akonsu akonsu - 3 months ago 6
CSS Question

How to vertically align <li> elements in <ul>?

I have a horizontal

<ul>
and I need to center each
<li>
in it vertically. My markup is below. Each
<li>
has a border, and I need the items as well as their contents to be in the middle vertically. Please help; I am new to CSS.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<title></title>
<style type="text/css">
.toolbar li
{
border: solid 1px black;
display: block;
float: left;
height: 100px;
list-style-type: none;
margin: 10px;
vertical-align: middle;
}
.toolbar li.button
{
height: 50px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="toolbar">
<ul>
<li><a href="#">first item<br />
first item<br />
first item</a></li>
<li><a href="#">second item</a></li>
<li><a href="#">last item</a></li>
<li class="button"><a href="#">button<br />
button</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Answer

I assume that since you're using an XML declaration, you're not worrying about IE or older browsers.

So you can use display:table-cell and display:table-row like so:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <title></title>
    <style type="text/css">
        .toolbar ul {
            display:table-row;
        }
        .toolbar ul li
        {
            display: table-cell;
            height: 100px;
            list-style-type: none;
            margin: 10px;
            vertical-align: middle;
        }
        .toolbar ul li a {
            display:table-cell;
            vertical-align: middle;
            height:100px;
            border: solid 1px black;
        }
        .toolbar ul li.button a {
            height:50px;
            border: solid 1px black;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="toolbar">
        <ul>
            <li><a href="#">first item<br />
                first item<br />
                first item</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">second item</a></li>
            <li><a href="#">last item</a></li>
            <li class="button"><a href="#">button<br />
                button</a></li>
        </ul>
    </div>
</body>
</html>
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