Armand Armand - 3 months ago 18
iOS Question

Trying to delay CABasicAnimation position and opacity of layer by 3 seconds but

I am trying to delay the animation of layer's opacity and position by 3 seconds using setBeginTime. I have called the layer boxLayer. The animation is going well however during the first 3 seconds (the layer is not supposed to show yet) the layer is displayed at its final position and opacity. It should not. Group animation does not resolve the issue. Could anyone help? See code below:

// Create an animation that will change the opacity of a layer
CABasicAnimation *fader = [CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"opacity"];


// It will last 1 second and will be delayed by 3 seconds
[fader setDuration:1.0];
[fader setBeginTime:CACurrentMediaTime()+3.0];


// The layer's opacity will start at 0.0 (completely transparent)
[fader setFromValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:startOpacity]];

// And the layer will end at 1.0 (completely opaque)
[fader setToValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:endOpacity]];

// Add it to the layer
[boxLayer addAnimation:fader forKey:@"BigFade"];

// Maintain opacity to 1.0 JUST TO MAKE SURE IT DOES NOT GO BACK TO ORIGINAL OPACITY
[boxLayer setOpacity:endOpacity];


// Create an animation that will change the position of a layer
CABasicAnimation *mover = [CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"position"];

// It will last 1 second and will be delayed by 3 seconds
[mover setDuration:1.0];
[mover setBeginTime:CACurrentMediaTime()+3.0];

// Setting starting position
[mover setFromValue:[NSValue valueWithCGPoint:CGPointMake(startX, startY)]];

// Setting ending position
[mover setToValue:[NSValue valueWithCGPoint:CGPointMake(endX, endY)]];

// Add it to the layer
[boxLayer addAnimation:mover forKey:@"BigMove"];

// Maintain the end position at 400.0 450.0 OTHERWISE IT IS GOING BACK TO ORIGINAL POSITION
[boxLayer setPosition:CGPointMake(endX, endY)];

Rob Rob
Answer

The problem is that you're setting the boxLayer properties of position and of opacity to their end values. You need to:

  1. Set the boxLayer properties to their starting values, not their ending values (this is why it's starting in the ending position/opacity ... usually if the animation starts immediately, this isn't an issue, but because you're deferring the start, using the ending positions is problematic);

  2. For your two animations, you have to change removedOnCompletion to NO and fillMode to kCAFillModeForwards (this is the correct way to keep it from reverting back to the original position upon completion).

Thus:

// Create an animation that will change the opacity of a layer
CABasicAnimation *fader = [CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"opacity"];

// It will last 1 second and will be delayed by 3 seconds
[fader setDuration:1.0];
[fader setBeginTime:CACurrentMediaTime()+3.0];

// The layer's opacity will start at 0.0 (completely transparent)
[fader setFromValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:startOpacity]];

// And the layer will end at 1.0 (completely opaque)
[fader setToValue:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:endOpacity]];

// MAKE SURE IT DOESN'T CHANGE OPACITY BACK TO STARTING VALUE    
[fader setRemovedOnCompletion:NO];
[fader setFillMode:kCAFillModeForwards];

// Add it to the layer
[boxLayer addAnimation:fader forKey:@"BigFade"];

// SET THE OPACITY TO THE STARTING VALUE
[boxLayer setOpacity:startOpacity];

// Create an animation that will change the position of a layer
CABasicAnimation *mover = [CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"position"];

// It will last 1 second and will be delayed by 3 seconds
[mover setDuration:1.0];
[mover setBeginTime:CACurrentMediaTime()+3.0];

// Setting starting position
[mover setFromValue:[NSValue valueWithCGPoint:CGPointMake(startX, startY)]];

// Setting ending position
[mover setToValue:[NSValue valueWithCGPoint:CGPointMake(endX, endY)]];

// MAKE SURE IT DOESN'T MOVE BACK TO STARTING POSITION   
[mover setRemovedOnCompletion:NO];
[mover setFillMode:kCAFillModeForwards];

// Add it to the layer
[boxLayer addAnimation:mover forKey:@"BigMove"];

// SET THE POSITION TO THE STARTING POSITION
[boxLayer setPosition:CGPointMake(startX, startY)];

Personally, I think you're doing a lot of work for something that's done far more easily with block-based animation on the view (for the purposes of this demonstration, I'm assuming your boxLayer is a CALayer for a control called box). You don't need Quartz 2D, either, if you do it this way:

box.alpha = startOpacity;
box.frame = CGRectMake(startX, startY, box.frame.size.width, box.frame.size.height);

[UIView animateWithDuration:1.0
                      delay:3.0
                    options:0
                 animations:^{
                     box.alpha = endOpacity;
                     box.frame = CGRectMake(endX, endY, box.frame.size.width, box.frame.size.height);
                 }
                 completion:nil];