I am running Ubuntu on computer 1 and computer 2. I compiled a C++ program on computer 1, and I can execute it from the terminal using
bash: ./program_name: permission denied
chmod u+x program_name. Then execute it.
If that does not work, copy the program from the USB device to a native volume on the system. Then
chmod u+x program_name on the local copy and execute that.
Unix and Unix-like systems generally will not execute a program unless it is marked with permission to execute. The way you copied the file from one system to another (or mounted an external volume) may have turned off execute permission (as a safety feature). The command
chmod u+x name adds permission for the user that owns the file to execute it.
That command only changes the permissions associated with the file; it does not change the security controls associated with the entire volume. If it is security controls on the volume that are interfering with execution, then you can remount the volume with options to allow execution. However, copying the file to a local volume may be a quicker and easier solution.