Steve Bennett Steve Bennett - 28 days ago 8
JSON Question

Update one value in array of dicts, using jq

I want to update a value in a dict, which I can only identify by another value in the dict. That is, given this input:

[
{
"format": "geojson",
"id": "foo"
},
{
"format": "geojson",
"id": "bar"
},
{
"format": "zip",
"id": "baz"
}
]


I want to change
baz
's accompanying format to 'csv':

[
{
"format": "geojson",
"id": "foo"
},
{
"format": "geojson",
"id": "bar"
},
{
"format": "csv",
"id": "baz"
}
]


I have found that this works:

jq 'map(if .id=="baz" then .format="csv" else . end)' my.json


But this seems rather verbose, so I wonder if there is a more elegant way to express this. jq seems to be missing some kind of expression selector, the equivalent of might be
[@id='baz']
in xpath.

(When I started this question, I had
[.[] |...]
, then I discovered
map
, so it's not quite as bad as I thought.)

Answer

A complex assignment is what you're looking for:

jq '(.[] | select(.id == "baz") | .format) |= "csv"' my.json

Perhaps not shorter but it is more elegant, as requested. See the last section of the docs at: http://stedolan.github.io/jq/manual/#Assignment

Edit: using map:

jq 'map((select(.id == "baz") | .format) |= "csv")' my.json