hqt hqt - 17 days ago 5
Java Question

Java: Use keystroke with arrow key

I have some code that I need to modify. In the code, the original author uses

KeyStroke.getKeyStroke
to take user input. In this code, for example, he uses
a
instead of left arrow.

I want to change this, but I don't know how.

Here is the original code:

registerKeyboardAction(
new ActionListener() {
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
tick(RIGHT);
}
}, "right", KeyStroke.getKeyStroke('d'), WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW
);


I have to change it to something like this, but when run, it doesn't work:
KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_RIGHT);


KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("RIGHT");

Answer

Do start the program by pressing the DOWN ARROW KEY, to watch the string first. Here have a look at this example program :

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;

public class KeyBindingExample
{
    private void createAndDisplayGUI()
    {
        JFrame frame = new JFrame("Key Binding Example");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);

        DrawingPanel contentPane = new DrawingPanel();
        frame.setContentPane(contentPane);
        frame.pack();
        frame.setLocationByPlatform(true);
        frame.setVisible(true);
        contentPane.requestFocusInWindow();
    }

    public static void main(String... args)
    {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable()
        {
            public void run()
            {
                new KeyBindingExample().createAndDisplayGUI();
            }
        });
    }
}

class DrawingPanel extends JPanel
{
    private int x;
    private int y;
    private String[] commands = {
                                    "UP",
                                    "DOWN",
                                    "LEFT",
                                    "RIGHT"
                                };                      

    private ActionListener panelAction = new ActionListener()
    {   
        @Override
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae)
        {
            String command = (String) ae.getActionCommand();
            if (command.equals(commands[0]))
                y -= 1;             
            else if (command.equals(commands[1]))
                y += 1;
            else if (command.equals(commands[2]))
                x -= 1;
            else if (command.equals(commands[3]))
                x += 1;

            repaint();  
        }
    };

    public DrawingPanel()
    {
        x = 0;
        y = 0;

        for (int i = 0; i < commands.length; i++)       
            registerKeyboardAction(panelAction,
                            commands[i],
                            KeyStroke.getKeyStroke(commands[i]),
                            JComponent.WHEN_IN_FOCUSED_WINDOW);
    }

    @Override
    public Dimension getPreferredSize()
    {
        return (new Dimension(500, 300));
    }

    @Override
    public void paintComponent(Graphics g)
    {
        super.paintComponent(g);
        String displayText = "X : " + x + " and Y : " + y;
        System.out.println(displayText);
        g.drawString(displayText, x, y);
    }
}