nrohwer - 5 months ago 59
Python Question

How to do CamelCase split in python

What I was trying to achieve, was something like this:

``````>>> camel_case_split("CamelCaseXYZ")
['Camel', 'Case', 'XYZ']
>>> camel_case_split("XYZCamelCase")
['XYZ', 'Camel', 'Case']
``````

So I searched and found this perfect regular expression:

``````(?<=[a-z])(?=[A-Z])|(?<=[A-Z])(?=[A-Z][a-z])
``````

As the next logical step I tried:

``````>>> re.split("(?<=[a-z])(?=[A-Z])|(?<=[A-Z])(?=[A-Z][a-z])", "CamelCaseXYZ")
['CamelCaseXYZ']
``````

Why does this not work, and how do I achieve the result from the linked question in python?

Edit: Solution summary

I tested all provided solutions with a few test cases:

``````string:                 ''
nrohwer:                ['']
casimir_et_hippolyte:   []
two_hundred_success:    []
kalefranz:              string index out of range # with modification: either [] or ['']

string:                 ' '
nrohwer:                [' ']
casimir_et_hippolyte:   []
two_hundred_success:    [' ']
kalefranz:              [' ']

string:                 'lower'
all algorithms:         ['lower']

string:                 'UPPER'
all algorithms:         ['UPPER']

string:                 'Initial'
all algorithms:         ['Initial']

string:                 'dromedaryCase'
nrohwer:                ['dromedary', 'Case']
casimir_et_hippolyte:   ['dromedary', 'Case']
two_hundred_success:    ['dromedary', 'Case']
kalefranz:              ['Dromedary', 'Case'] # with modification: ['dromedary', 'Case']

string:                 'CamelCase'
all algorithms:         ['Camel', 'Case']

string:                 'ABCWordDEF'
nrohwer:                ['ABC', 'Word', 'DEF']
casimir_et_hippolyte:   ['ABC', 'Word', 'DEF']
two_hundred_success:    ['ABC', 'Word', 'DEF']
kalefranz:              ['ABCWord', 'DEF']
``````

In summary you could say the solution by @kalefranz does not match the question (see the last case) and the solution by @casimir et hippolyte eats a single space, and thereby violates the idea that a split should not change the individual parts. The only difference among the remaining two alternatives is that my solution returns a list with the empty string on an empty string input and the solution by @200_success returns an empty list.
I don't know how the python community stands on that issue, so I say: I am fine with either one. And since 200_success's solution is simpler, I accepted it as the correct answer.

As @nrohwer has explained, `re.split()` never splits on an empty pattern match. Therefore, instead of splitting, you should try finding the components you are interested in.
Here is a solution using `re.finditer()` that emulates splitting:
``````def camel_case_split(identifier):