diligent diligent - 7 months ago 179
SQL Question

how to get week start and end date string in postgresql

I am using postgresql 8.3, and I have a table like this:

id regist_time result
1 2012-07-09 15:00:08 3
2 2012-07-25 22:24:22 7
4 2012-07-07 22:24:22 8


regist_time's data type is timestamp,

now I need to find a week time interval(start to end)
and sum(result) as num.

I want to get the result as below

week num
7/1/2012-7/7/2012 10
7/8/2012-7/14/2012 5
7/15/2012-7/21/2012 3
7/22/2012-7/28/2012 11


I can get the week number just in this year

select id,regis_time, EXTRACT(WEEK FROM regis_time) AS regweek
from tba


the key part is

EXTRACT(WEEK FROM regis_time)


extract function can only get the week number in this year, how can I get start time to
end time in one week?

many thank!

Answer

You can use date_trunc('week', ...).

For example:

SELECT date_trunc('week', '2012-07-25 22:24:22'::timestamp);
-> 2012-07-23 00:00:00

Then, you can convert this into a date, if you're not interested in a start time.

To get the end date too:

SELECT    date_trunc('week', '2012-07-25 22:24:22'::timestamp)::date
   || ' '
   || (date_trunc('week', '2012-07-25 22:24:22'::timestamp)+ '6 days'::interval)::date;

-> 2012-07-23 2012-07-29

(I've used the default formatting here, you can of course adapt this to use MM/DD/YYYY.)

Note that, if you want to make comparisons on timestamps, instead of using (date_trunc('week', ...) + '6 days'::interval, you might want to add an entire week and use a strict comparison for the end of the week.

This will exclude y timestamps on the last day of the week (since the cut-off time is midnight on the day).

    date_trunc('week', x)::date <= y::timestamp
AND y::timestamp <= (date_trunc('week', x) + '6 days'::interval)::date

This will include them:

    date_trunc('week', x)::date <= y::timestamp
AND y::timestamp < (date_trunc('week', x) + '1 week'::interval)

(That's in the rare cases when you can't use date_trunc on y directly.)


If your week starts on a Sunday, replacing date_trunc('week', x)::date with date_trunc('week', x + '1 day'::interval)::date - '1 day'::interval should work.

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